|Medical workers take care of women in Nha Trang City in the central province of Khanh Hoa. Gynaecological problems affect nearly 90 per cent of married women throughout the country. — VNA/VNS Photo Duong Ngoc|
HA NOI — Gynaecological problems affect nearly 90 per cent of married women, according to a recent report by Bach Mai Hospital’s Centre of Pathology and Cytopathology.
The study included 70,000 women from 300 communities throughout the country.
According to To Minh Huong, deputy director of Ha Noi Gynaecology Hospital, many of the gynaecological problems result from improper feminine hygiene.
The problems do not only bother women in daily life but also lead to ovaries blockade and infertility.
Many rural women still use plain cotton fabric as sanitary napkins, which they wash and reuse many times, she said. Cotton must be washed and dried thoroughly to avoid the growth of fungi.
Improper washing can cause the spread of bacteria from the anus to the vagina, which may cause infection. Women should avoid washing too deeply inside, which harms the natural acid environment that the body secretes to prevent bacteria growth.
Gynaecologists have also warned women against the habit of using a table salt solution to wash their vulva, as sodium carbonate is a healthier option for personal cleansing. “Boiled tea leaves water is also a good option for cleaning the area,” Huong said.
Another concern is that many women get the diseases from their husbands, who have contracted the diseases from other partners.
“When women suffer from gynaecological problems they should tell their husbands to co-ordinate treatment for the diseases at the same time,” she said.
“Though women treat fungi inside their body, it can remain in areas that are not cleaned, including linens, the wash basin and underwear.” Husbands must also be treated so that the infection is not passed back to the woman.
Pho Duc Nhuan, from Central Gynaecology Hospital, said that many vaginitis problems are hard to treat.
To prevent gynaecological diseases women should use good sanitary napkins, take care to wear looser underwear made of natural fibres, and follow a healthy cleansing routine. —