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Conservation plan to help reduce energy costs

In Uncategorized on November 13, 2008 at 11:52 am

HCM CITY—Viet Nam can save at least 5 per cent of its total energy needs by 2010 and up to 8 per cent by 2015 if a new energy conservation programme is approved by the Government.

The programme was discussed at a seminar last week held by the HCM City Energy Conservation Centre (HCM-ECC) and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Office (EECO).

Tran Viet Hoa, a representative from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, said the proposed National Programme on Energy Efficiency and Conservation would be submitted to the National Assembly next year for final approval.

The programme, among other measures, encourages the use of energy-efficient equipment used in households and industry and the creation of new laws on industrial power use.

Educating citizens about energy use, getting rid of low-efficiency electrical equipment, and encouraging power savings in construction and transportation are other objectives of the programme.

Hoa said the use of energy-saving labels on products, which the government encouraged last year, had been underused by companies.

Last year, only three companies registered to attach labels on their products, he said.

According to the EECO, the rate of electric power consumption per capita each year has increased dramatically, with 540kWh this year against 288kWh in 2000.

Nguyen Thanh Phong, of HCM City Electricity Company, said since 2006 the city had encouraged citizens to buy compact flourescent bulbs which have been offered at low prices to more than 490,000 families.

By using such bulbs, monthly electric bills can be cut by 15 per cent.

This year the company has sold 84,000 bulbs, 70 per cent of its target. The campaign will continue until 2015.

Soaring demand

Viet Nam’s energy demands have risen dramatically in recent years as its industrial sector has developed.

The Viet Nam Institute of Energy has predicted until 2020 the country would be capable of supplying 58–65 million tonnes of coal, 18–20 tonnes of oil and 83 billion kWh electric power each year.

But in 40 to 60 years fossil fuel sources in the country will be exhausted if the Government does not have specific strategies for energy conservation, according to experts.

A survey by the Ministry of Industry and Trade and HCM-ECC finds that Viet Nam has great potential to save energy.

The cement industry could save 50 per cent of energy consumed, the steel industry 20 percent, and the garment sector 30 percent, the ministry said.

Viet Nam, however, uses more energy than other nations to make the same product, according to the ministry.

In addition, Vietnamese companies’ energy costs are at least 1.5 times more than those in companies in Thailand, China and Malaysia.

Nguyen Van Thuong, deputy general director of the Rang Dong Plastic Company, said energy expense represented 2 per cent of the company’s product value.

Thuong said the company could save 30-40 per cent in energy costs by replacing outdated industrial equipment—

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