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How to ensure social welfare in rural areas

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 2:26 pm

How to ensure social welfare in rural areas

QĐND – Thursday, December 16, 2010, 21:5 (GMT+7)

Improving the social welfare is a key policy of the Party and State which is also a very significant contribution to the country’s socio-political stability, said Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung when discussing about the integration of social security into the 2011-2020 strategy for socio-economic development.

PM Dung also emphasized that Vietnam has not yet built a social welfare system with a sustainable mechanism to reach poor people.

Shortcomings remain

The 2010 statistics of the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) indicates that rural residents account for 74.37 percent of the country’s population, 75.6 percent of the work force, and that percent of Vietnam’s poor people live in rural areas. As many people in ethnic minorities’ areas and rural areas cannot afford the insurance fees, the number of insured people is still very low. Instead, they have to rely on informal social welfare networks or their communities when they face difficulties.

According to the MOLISA, there are still many shortcomings in the social welfare system such as the low service quality, poor management, and improper investment.

MOLISA has launched a project which aims to increase the access to compulsory social insurance among workers in rural and ethnic minorities’ to 85 percent in 2015 and 100 percent in 2020. The project will also aim to raise the number of workers participating in voluntary social insurance in 2015 to 30 percent in rural areas, 20 percent in disadvantaged areas, and 15 percent in mountain areas. However, it is not easy to achieve the targets although a number of social assistance funds have been established to help poor and elderly people and victims of natural disasters.

State’s management needed

Poor management of the social welfare system has negative impact on social cohesion and equality, especially in education and healthcare services. The State, therefore, needs to strengthen its management by regulating the capital and introducing appropriate policies. In addition, cooperation between the community and people should be promoted. It is high time to acknowledge the contribution of the not-for-profit sector and encourage the forming of social enterprises.

With the regulation of the State, cooperation of the community, the formation of “social enterprises”, and the renovation of co-operatives, social welfare in rural areas will significant developments in the future.

Source: VOV

Source: QDND

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