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Urban poverty survey in Hanoi, HCMC announced

In Uncategorized on December 17, 2010 at 8:26 am

A survey about urban poverty in both Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, a project financed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), was announced on December 15.

Nearly 57 percent of the migrants in HCMC and Hanoi are without health insurance cards

The survey has accessed poverty not simply as an issue of lack of income, but rather, it is a multi-dimensional problem.


The poor are deprived across a wide range of different domains such as health, education and the access to clean water and sanitation.


According to the survey, the number of migrants accounted for 11.4 percent of the population of Hanoi and 20.6% in HCMC.


In these two cities, 72% of migrants are aged from 15-39 years old. The ratio of people studying in public schools is also much lower than that of permanent residents.


In addition, 56.6% of them are without health insurance cards, which is 1.7 times higher as compared with the permanent group.


Average income of permanent residents is 16% higher than of migrants. Over half of the later group live in rented accommodation and in makeshift homes.


The number of the poor people in rural areas is much higher than in urban areas. More migrants are coming into the city areas, in the attempt to improve their quality of life.


Setsuko Yamazaki, representative from the UNDP in Vietnam, said that she hoped the data from the survey, as well as the forthcoming research would help the two cities further develop policies and action plans, so that urban poverty can be reduced.

Source: SGGP

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