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Posts Tagged ‘addicts’

Drug addicts decrease but trafficking swells

In Uncategorized on January 8, 2011 at 11:31 am

The number of people addicted to drugs is slowly reducing, but drug trafficking is on the increase, this was the estimation from the National Committee on AIDS, Drugs and Prostitution, which was held at a ceremony in Hanoi on Friday.

The ceremony was held in order to review the ‘fight on drugs’ over the last ten years.

Since 2007, the number of drug addicts has dropped to 146,000 people nationalwide. Most of them are unemployed and have left school at an early age.

However, younger addicts have increased. In 2001, the number of the addicts below 30 years of age accounted for nearly 58 percent. It has now skyrocketed to over 68 percent. Additionally, the number of people injecting drugs has also increase from 46 to 85 percent.

Furthermore, drug trafficking in Vietnam has changed with now the appearance of new types of ‘crystal synthetic drugs’. This is causing authorities some difficulty in detecting this new form of drug.

Attending the ceremony, Truong Tan Sang, Politburo member and permanent member of the Party’s Central Committee Secretariat, has ordered relevant authorities to increase the fight against the HIV/AIDS, drugs and prostitution.

He said, more investment should be made in building rehabilitation centers and job-training centers should assist in the reintegration, of those that had drug problems, back into the community.

Source: SGGP

Detox centres focus on vocational training for reformed addicts

In Uncategorized on June 26, 2010 at 4:42 pm

Detox centres focus on vocational training for reformed addicts

QĐND – Saturday, June 26, 2010, 21:17 (GMT+7)

Deputy Prime Minister Truong Vinh Trong has asked detoxification centres across the country to pay due attention to vocational training to help drug addicts reintegrate into the community.

“Only when reformed addicts receive community support to earn a living, will the rate of relapses fall,” Mr Trong said during a fact-finding tour of Social Labour and Education Centre No2 in Nghe An province on June 26.

He said drugs are a threat to humankind, for they erode morality, break up families and cause social disorder. He stressed that drug addiction is also one of the major causes of HIV/AIDS.

He shared challenges officials and staff of the centre face, noting that it’s difficult to help addicts detoxify, but it’s more difficult to prevent them from relapsing.

The Deputy PM asked centre teachers and staff to improve vocational training and help addicts stay away from drugs, reintegrate into community and become good citizens. He also asked the managers to expand production to improve 250 addicts’ daily meals at the centre.

Since 2003, the centre has received 1,656 drug addicts of whom 1,389 have been released back into the community. Most of them have been trained in welding, home electricity maintenance and handicrafts.

Source: VOV

Source: QDND

Junkies and junk-food addicts share craving mechanism

In Uncategorized on March 29, 2010 at 9:54 am

The same molecular pathways that steer people into drug addiction also lie behind the craving to overeat, driving individuals into obesity, a new study suggests.

The research, based on lab animals, bolsters long-standing suspicions that addiction to pleasure stems from overstimulus of a key reward mechanism in the brain, its authors say.

Publishing online in the journal Nature Neuroscience, scientists at the Scripps Research Institute in Florida fed rats high-fat, high-calorie treats — bacon, sausage, cheesecake and so on — and watched the rodents bulk out dramatically.

File photo shows students eating lunch at a high school in Chicago, Illinois

The junk-food rats gobbled down twice as many calories as “control” rodents fed on a more balanced diet.

“When we removed the junk food and tried to put them on a nutritious diet — what we called the ‘salad bar option’ — they simply refused to eat,” said Paul Kenny, an associate professor.

“The change in their diet preference was so great that they basically starved themselves for two weeks after they were cut off from junk food.”

Even when the scientists threatened the rats with an electric shock, the animals continued to overeat, a clear sign of uncontrolled behaviour.

Having shown that obese rats were addicted, the next step was to explore how this happened in the brain.

Kenny and graduate student Paul Johnson focussed on a docking point, or receptor, on the surface of neurons that binds to a “feel-good” brain chemical called dopamine.

Dopamine is released by pleasurable experiences such as sex, food and narcotics.

Previous research found that among cocaine users, the brain becomes flooded with dopamine and overstimulates the so-called dopamine 2 receptors (D2Rs).

The overstimulation causes the body to adapt by decreasing the activity of the D2Rs.

As a result, there is a progressively worsening “reward response,” or uptake of the pleasure-giving chemical in brain cells.

The cocaine user needs more and more frequent stimulation from the drug to avoid entering into a persistent state of negative reward — in other words, he quickly goes on the slippery slope from casual to compulsive drug-taking.

Similar changes in the D2Rs occur in the food-addicted lab rats, the study found.

“These findings confirm what we and many others have suspected, that overconsumption of highly pleasurable food triggers addiction-like, neuroadaptive responses in brain reward circuitries, driving the development of compulsive eating,” says Kenny.

“Common mechanisms may therefore underlie obesity and drug addiction.”

The research has yet to be conducted among humans, but when it was unveiled in its early stages at a conference last October, it prompted nods of agreement from obese people who said they had always argued that bingeing on sweet or fatty foods was an addiction.

Source: SGGP

Deputy Premier urges businesses to create jobs for former addicts

In Vietnam Society on September 27, 2009 at 4:22 pm

Businesses, particularly State-owned ones, should be pioneers in creating jobs for former drug-addicts to help them re-integrate into society and avoid a relapse into addiction, Deputy Prime Minister Truong Vinh Trong said September 26.

Former drug addicts trained in making bricks at the Nhi Xuan Vocational Training and Job Creating Center in Ho Chi Minh City during their detoxification (Photo: SGGP)

His appeal was made at the conference on “the reality of HIV/AIDS, drug addiction and prostitution in the workforce and policies to deal with them,” held in the northern province of Quang Ninh.

The deputy PM, also chairman of a committee in charge of these issues, highly appreciated the efforts of relevant agencies in preventing and fighting HIV/AIDS, drug addiction and prostitution in the workforce.

He called on businesses to enhance their social responsibility for creating jobs for former addicts and prostitutes so that they can stabilize their life and rejoin society.

The conference’s attendants heard many related reports by ministries and local authorities.
They also heard some presentations, such as “Trade unions’ role in information dissemination, education and propaganda related to fight HIV/AIDS and prostitution among the labor force,” “Businesses’ social responsibility in anti-HIV/AIDS,” and “Impediments in fighting HIV infections at workplaces and in generating jobs for former drug-addicts.”

Reviewing past performances in the field, the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor said that the propaganda on fighting and preventing social problems has been well executed at State-owned enterprises and government agencies, but it has not been paid due attention by other sectors.

After the conference, participants took a trip to Ha Tu Coal Co. in the province’s Ha Long City, where they were introduced to the company’s model of employing former drug addicts.

Source: SGGP