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Posts Tagged ‘epidemic’

Ha Tinh Province announces existence of blue ear epidemic

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 10:00 am

Ha Tinh Province on December 3 announced the existence of blue ear epidemic in some communes and it had destroyed 51 pigs in Thach Hoi and Thach Van.

File photo shows that pigs are destroyed in Ha Tinh Province.

More than 60 pigs in two communes Thach Hoi and Thach Van in Thach Ha District, central province of Ha Tinh had been infected with blue-ear disease from November 18-29.


The provincial Department of Animal Health has worked with localities to sterilise and set up quarantine points. The province has directed localities to strictly implement measures to stamp out and prevent the spread of the disease.


According to the agriculture ministry, the blue-ear disease, also known as Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS), affected thousands of pigs.


PRRS in pigs is caused by the Lelstad virus, which causes ears to turn blue, appetite loss, high fever, miscarriage, premature delivery, coughing, respiratory problems, and death in extreme cases.


 

Source: SGGP

Dengue epidemic grips Vietnam, claims 59 lives

In Uncategorized on October 14, 2010 at 2:49 pm

So far this year the mosquito – borne disease has sickened 80,000 people across the country, 59 of whom have died, said the Health Ministry’s Department of Preventive Health.

Children with dengue fever are treated at HCMC Children Hospital No.2 (Photo: SGGP)


Although the number of infected people this year decreased 6.3 percent as compared to last year, the dengue fever situation still is complicated and at risk of spreading on a large scale, said the Health Ministry.


The worst affected region was the southern provinces with 43,844 cases.


Meanwhile, health officials from the central region and central highlands have reported an increase of 168% in cases with 21,638 infected people.


Dengue is decreasing in Hanoi and northern provinces but dengue among adults is often accompanied by unexpected complications.

The ministry says dengue virus type D1 accounts for 74 percent of the cases nationwide. It predicts that the epidemic will continue into November with many complications, and is asking all localities to take urgent steps to curb the spread of the disease.

The municipal health department is trying to clean up the ‘hot spots’ and will spray chemicals to prevent the disease on a large scale.

The Preventive Medicine Department said it was working with relevant agencies to take preventive measures in key localities since early this year, focusing on cleaning the environment and killing mosquitoes.


Dengue is found in tropical and sub-tropical climates worldwide, mostly in urban and semi-urban areas. Dengue haemorrhagic fever is a leading cause of serious illness and death among children in some Asian countries.

Source: SGGP

Big farms told to increase fertile herds of swine in wake of blue ear epidemic

In Uncategorized on August 18, 2010 at 7:27 am

Large livestock farms in Ho Chi Minh City should increase, not reduce, their stock of fertile pigs for later use after the danger of blue ear disease has passed, a senior official said.

The statement came even as the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) – also known as blue ear disease – hit pigs heavily in neighboring provinces as well as the districts of Binh Chanh, Cu Chi, 9 and 12.

Vets  take dead pigs to bury in the central province of Quang Nam

Due to the serious outbreak of the blue ear pandemic in southern provinces and the threat posed to other provinces, city People’s Committee deputy chairman Nguyen Trung Tin instructed relevant agencies to ensure the safety of herds of over 30,000 fertile pigs in big farms.

However, Mr. Tin also said that governments should not let small household farms engage in breeding and selling pigs.


The city’s Department of Animal Health reported that 29 slaughter houses butchers over 7,500 pigs a night but only 1,000 come from farms in the city.

The remaining come from southern provinces including Dong Nai, Ba Ria – Vung Tau, Long An and Tien Giang, all of which have announced severe epidemics of the blue ear disease.


Moreover, tests of pigs in slaughterhouses have shown that 70 percent of pigs in southern provinces are positive for the dangerous virus. The city is therefore at high risk of suffering a severe epidemic as well. Vets in the outlying districts of 9, 12, Binh Chanh and Cu Chi have decided to immediately kill diseased pigs on detection to curb spreading.


Meanwhile, Van Duc Muoi, General Director of Vissan, a major producer and trader in processed meat, fresh frozen meat and meat-related foods, expressed concern that consumers would turn their backs on safe pork because of wrong information about the disease.


The disease is not believed to be transmittable to humans.


Markets in the city and other localities have seen housewives opting to buy fish and poultry instead of pork, local reports say.


Meanwhile, enterprises who’d pledged to keep the prices stable until next March fretted that the reduced supply of pork would push up prices in the upcoming lunar new year season.

Vissan said it has taken proactive steps to buy more pigs for stockpiling, from 2,200 to 2,800 pigs a day, as instructed by city People’s Committee Chairman Le Hoang Quan.


Chairman Quan has asked lower level administrations to raise public awareness about the disease as well as prepare herds of safe fertile pigs for breeding after the danger has passed.


Fresh outbreaks of blue ear disease at the Co Do Agriculture Company in Mekong Delta City of Can Tho’s Co Do District have so far infected 108 pigs, the Department of Animal Health reported on August 16, bringing the number of affected provinces in Vietnam to 22. The disease has spread widely in central and southern Vietnam.

The southern province of Ba Ria – Vung Tau has seen two further outbreaks in districts Xuyen Moc and Dat Do while the central province of Nghe An has reported a fresh outbreaks in district Dien Chau. Nghe An has so far killed 7,379 pigs with the disease.

The southern province of Tay Ninh has reported new outbreaks in the districts of Go Dau, Tan Bien, Tan Chau, Ben Cau, Duong Minh Chau and Hoa Thanh that have infected a total of 12,911 pigs.

Source: SGGP

Dengue fever kids suffer complications as epidemic spreads in country

In Uncategorized on August 9, 2010 at 11:24 am

Many children with dengue fever have suffered serious complications as the disease is spreading through out the country, said the Pediatrics Hospital No.1 on August 8.


The hospital’s emergency room has received many children with serious complications recently, as the number of dengue fever patients is rising. Around 10 percent children suffering from dengue fever have experienced complications, according to the hospital’s deputy director Le Thi Bich Lien.


Dr. Lien warned parents to take their children to hospital immediately if they suddenly develop a high fever, rash, muscle and joint pain, nausea or vomiting.

Most dengue infections result in relatively mild illnesses, but some can progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever. With dengue hemorrhagic fever, the blood vessels start to leak and cause bleeding from the nose, mouth, gums or vagina in girls. 


 

Source: SGGP

A/H1N1 epidemic likely to recur in winter

In Uncategorized on August 7, 2010 at 3:20 pm




A/H1N1 epidemic likely to recur in winter


QĐND – Saturday, August 07, 2010, 22:5 (GMT+7)

Several positive cases of A/H1N1 influenza have been confirmed in Vietnam after four months of complete containment, and epidemiologists fear an epidemic is likely to break out this coming winter.


Epidemiologists issued warnings after this deadly virus killed a 6-year-old girl in HCM City on August 3.


In an interview granted to Tin Tuc (News Bulletin) on August 7, Nguyen Tran Hien, director of the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, said several countries in the world are experiencing an outbreak of the A/H1N1 epidemic, and he did not rule out the possibility that it would strike Vietnam again this winter.


“It’s difficult to jump to conclusions that the A/H1N1 epidemic would only be a normal seasonal influenza or break out in a more severe manner,” said Mr Hien. “We must keep a close watch on the development of the epidemic and be well prepared for emergencies.”


Mr Hien quoted the World Health Organisation as saying by July 30 as many as 214 countries and territories have confirmed the A/H1N1 virus in their areas, with 18,398 deaths. The virus has been spreading here and there at a low level, and there is not enough proof that the A/H1N1 epidemic has become a seasonal influenza.


As of July 18, Vietnam had reported no new cases of A/H1N1 since the first was detected on May 31, 2009, but four positive cases were recently confirmed in HCM City, Dong Nai and Tien Giang provinces, and a girl died of the disease on August 3.


About 80 percent of global deaths are chronic patients, pregnant women and children.


“This does not mean people should be apathetic about the disease because nobody knows exactly when a second outbreak will occur,” warned Mr Hien.


He advised people in high-risk groups such as pregnant women patients with chronic diseases such as pneumonia, heart disease, diabetes, digestive disorders, and obesity, to have regular check-ups at hospitals. Suspected cases are encouraged to go to the nearest medical centre for examinations and consultations if they have breathing difficulties, a high temperature and coughing.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND

Khanh Hoa claims full control of bird flu epidemic

In Uncategorized on March 31, 2010 at 2:16 pm




Khanh Hoa claims full control of bird flu epidemic


QĐND – Wednesday, March 31, 2010, 21:2 (GMT+7)

The southern province of Khanh Hoa on March 31 reported that said it has successfully controlled the influenza epidemic in its two districts of Ninh Hoa and Van Ninh.


This is thanks to the province’s intensive efforts to combat the epidemic in the region. People involved in the epidemic prevention campaign will receive VND50,000 per day for weekdays and VND100,000 per day at weekends and holidays, respectively.


The province had earlier announced the outbreak of epidemic on March 1.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND

Glue-sniffing epidemic hits youngsters in HCM City

In Uncategorized on December 9, 2008 at 4:40 pm

HCM CITY — Hundreds of teenagers here have become glue-sniffing addicts.


The habit, which once plagued Western countries, is extremely harmful to health and can lead to physical and mental dependence.


The most popular form is a light-yellow liquid that gives users a euphoric feeling after inhalation.


Experts warn the habit can lead inhalants to cancer and stress, inhibit breathing, damage the liver and kidneys, and even kill.


Sitting among five or six adolescents at an internet shop on Huynh Van Chinh street in Tan Phu District, 15-year-old Hoang Tung (not his real name) moves slow and has bleary eyes.


“We are inhaling glue, it is not drugs,” he says. “We are not afraid of being arrested like drug users, but it still makes us euphoric,” a girl in the group adds.


Tung says a senior teenager taught him and some of his friends how to inhale the stimulant a few months ago. Some users are only nine or 10 years old.


In another case, Nguyen Son (not his real name), who claims to have inhaled the stimulant for more than a year, says a group of 100 of his friends do the same.


According to him, it costs between VND2,000 and VND17,000 to buy a pipe of glue, depending on its size. But normally, each pipe will last for only 30 minutes. Users find bigger ones are cheaper, but they usually do not have enough money to buy.


Police told


Many owners and sales persons at groceries in the two districts of Tan Binh and Tan Phu say they have sold glue to teenagers, sometimes up to 10 pipes at a time.


One shop-keeper in Au Co Street says he has informed police about the situation since 2006.


A pensioner recalls seeing groups of adolescents inhaling glue the same year and also reported the problem to police.


He says from only few teenagers practising the habit nearby his apartment in Tan Phu District’s Huynh Van Chinh Street, the number of inhalers has grown to hundreds.


A senior police officer confirms that police know about the situation.


According to him, glues contain a substance that can stimulate the nervous system. However, he adds that it is impossible to prosecute users because the stimulant is not narcotic.


Health danger


Professor Chu Pham Ngoc Son from the Hai Dang company says two types of glue his company was recently asked to analyse contained different kinds of organic solvents.


He says some of the solvents are very harmful to people’s health, including methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, toluene and cyclohexane.


When mixed with other solvents widely used in the industrial sector, their intoxication levels rise.


Professor Nguyen Huu Duc at HCM City Medical and Pharmaceutical University says organic solvents can cause addiction.


Teenagers in many countries, especially in Latin America, have become addicted to solvents after inhaling them.


Duc says users cheery, suffer from delusions or become absent-minded. Feelings of tiredness, headache, dizziness and sleepiness are also reported. —