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Posts Tagged ‘fatality’

South Asian superbug claims first fatality

In Uncategorized on August 14, 2010 at 7:21 am

BRUSSELS, Aug 13, 2010 (AFP) – A Belgian man became the first known fatality of a drug-resistant “superbug” originating in South Asia, reinforcing fears the germ could spread worldwide after infecting dozens of people in Britain and Australia.

The unnamed patient became infected while hospitalised in Pakistan and died in June, a doctor from the Brussels hospital where he had been treated told Belgian media on Friday.

“He was involved in a car accident during a trip to Pakistan. He was hospitalised with a major leg injury and then repatriated to Belgium, but he was already infected,” the doctor said.

Specialist in microbiology and virology at the University hospital of Brussels professor Denis Pierard, holds up a dish of bacteria culture at the microbiology lab of the Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussels, university hospital, on August 13, 2010. AFP

Despite being administered colistin, a powerful antibiotic, the patient died, the doctor said.

A second Belgian picked up the bug after being hospitalised following an accident during a trip to his native Montenegro, but recovered with treatment back in Belgium in July, another expert said Friday.

“The epicentre of the presence of this bacteria seems to be India and Pakistan, but it appears through contact and travel, its spread is becoming wider,” Youri Glupczynski, a bacteriologist from the University of Leuven, told AFP.

The superbug comprises a bacterium containing an enzyme gene called New Delhi metallo-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) that makes it impervious to treatment by almost all antibiotics.

These include drugs known as carbapenems, which are often used as a last resort.

A British journal, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, reported this week that bacteria containing the NDM-1 gene had been found in 37 Britons who had received medical treatment in South Asia.

It said health tourists visiting South Asia risked infection and warned the superbug could spread.

Three cases have been identified in Australia among people who had travelled to India for surgery, said Professor Peter Collignon, Canberra Hospital’s head of infectious diseases department.

“We found this multi-resistant, untreatable bug in their urine, luckily not causing too many problems to that person. But it’s a real problem if it spreads to others,” he said.

“The germ we had was untreatable — there were no drugs we had that could treat it,” he added.

Collignon said one of the patients caught the bug in intensive care in an Indian hospital after plastic surgery went wrong. But he said another picked up the bug in the general community, indicating the extent of the problem.

He described the cases as just the “tip of the iceberg”.

“It probably is killing lots of people but it happens in the developing world and there’s no way of measuring it.”

Patrice Nordmann, who heads a unit specialising in antibiotic resistance at France’s National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm), agreed that the number of real cases was bound to be “certainly higher” than the notified tally.

“There is a large potential reservoir,” given the huge population of southern Asia, he said.

The NDM-1 gene is a special worry because it is found in plasmids — DNA structures that can easily be copied and then transferred promiscuously among different types of bacteria.

These include Escherichia coli, the commonest cause of urinary tract infections, and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which causes lung and wound infections and is generated mainly in hospitals.

The European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) said no new antibiotics to treat NDM-1 infections were likely to be available for at least 10 years.

National health watchdogs had to step up monitoring efforts and pool data to track where the infections were occurring and respond to the threat, it said.

The Lancet study sparked a furious response from India.

“To link this with the safety of surgery in hospitals in India and citing isolated examples to show that… India is not a safe place to visit, is wrong,” the health ministry said in a statement Friday.

But it also emerged that a team of Indian researchers had warned of the superbug in March.

Researchers from the private Hinduja hospital in Mumbai studied 24 infection cases between August and November last year and said they found 22 incidents of NDM-1 bacteria.

Source: SGGP

First H5N1 fatality of 2010

In Politics-Society on February 28, 2010 at 11:28 am

First H5N1 fatality of 2010

QĐND – Friday, February 26, 2010, 22:23 (GMT+7)

On February 26 the Preventive Healthcare and Environment Department under the Ministry of Health officially confirmed the death of a female H5N1 patient in Tien Giang – the first fatality of the disease in 2010.

The 38-year-old patient came from An Thai Trung commune, Cai Be district, the Mekong Delta province of Tien Giang. She was diagnosed with the disease on February 13 and was sent to Sa Dec hospital in Dong Thap province on February 21. She died two days later.

The patient was confirmed to be carrying the H5N1 virus by the Pasteur Institute in Ho Chi Minh City on February 23.

The Preventive Healthcare and Environment Department has advised people to inform local authorities immediately when their poultry fall ill and not to slaughter them without instructions from the functional agencies.

People have also been instructed not to slaughter, transport or sell poultry from infected areas. Individuals are advised to go to hospital for a medical examination whenever they have breathing difficulties or notice any symptoms of influenza.

Source: VOV

Source: QDND

Vietnam records third swine flu fatality

In Vietnam Health on September 9, 2009 at 2:48 am

Ho Chi Minh City’s Health Department reported Saturday the city’s second swine flu related death, that of a 56-year-old woman, on September 4 at Nhan Dan Gia Dinh Hospital, bringing the country’s total A/N1N1 deaths to three.

A doctor examines a pupil contracting A/H1N1 virus

The patient, N.T.X from Binh Thanh District’s Ward 12, who was mentally ill, was admitted to HCMC Psychiatric Hospital on September 3 after being delirious and physically very ill.

Later the same day, the hospital transferred her, after running up a fever of 40 degrees Celsius, to Nhan Dan Gia Dinh Hospital, where she was diagnosed with septicemia, server pneumonia and mental disorder.

Though the case was not attested to A/H1N1 flu, the hospital tested her for A/H1N1 and provided her with Tamiflu.

One day later, she died of pneumonia and respiratory failure.

The city’s Pasteur Institute tested her throat and nose fluids. The tests showed she was positive for the influenza A/H1N1 virus.

Dr. Nguyen Van Chau, head of the city’s Health Department, said before getting the flu, Ms. X had completely stayed at home.

She was living with her husband and two children, but so far none of them have had symptoms of A/H1N1 and remain healthy.

Vietnam reported its first swine flu fatality – a 29-year-old mother-of-two from the central province of Khanh Hoa – on August 4, and its second – a 52-year-old woman – on August 11.

The department also said Saturday that many students contracting the virus in the city need to be supervised.

On September 5, when the new school year started, six schools were found to have students with the virus, including Nguyen Huu Huan High School and HCMC University of Agriculture and Forestry in Thu Duc District, Asia-Pacific High School in District 1, Ngo Tat To Primary School in Phu Nhuan District, Colette College in District 3 and Hong Duc High School in Binh Tanh District.

In addition, some schools have been isolated and tightly supervised, including Lam Son and Hau Giang primary schools in District 6, Nguyen Khuyen High School in Tan Bin District, Nhan Van High School and Primary School in Tan Phu District, and Le Loi High School in District 3.

As of September 5, Nhan Van School had 279 students being positive for the virus, Lam Son School 104, Nguyen Khuyen 33 and Hau Giang 32.

Dr. Nguyen Huy Nga, director of the Department of Preventive Health and Environment, said Vietnam recorded 187 more cases of A/H1N1 influenza on September 5, a record high for a single day, raising the total number of swine flu cases in the country to 3,482 with three deaths.

Source: SGGP

Ministry not confirmed third swine flu fatality

In Vietnam Health on September 9, 2009 at 2:48 am

Pupils at Nguyen Khuyen School in Ho Chi Minh City wear masks to prevent flu in class

The Ministry of Health has not yet confirmed that a 56-year-old woman on September 4 died of swine flu related illnesses, although its subdivision in Ho Chi Minh City Saturday announced she had tested positive for the A/H1N1 virus.

The ministry on September 6 confirmed 154 more cases of A/H1N1 influenza, bringing the total number of such flu cases in the country to 3,636 and two confirmed deaths.

A total of 1,568 patients have so far been discharged from hospital after receiving treatment. The remaining are under quarantine and being treated at medical clinics nationwide. All are reported to be in a stable condition.

Source: SGGP

Ministry confirms third swine flu fatality in Vietnam

In Vietnam Health on September 9, 2009 at 2:47 am

Dr. Nguyen Huy Nga, director of the Department of Preventive Health and Environment, has confirmed the third swine flu death in Vietnam.

Dr. Nga said September 7 that the health condition of a 56-year-old woman in Ho Chi Minh City’s Binh Thanh District, who was also mentally ill, deteriorated quickly after contracting the flu. She died from severe pneumonia and respiratory failure in spite of doctors’ efforts to save her.

The Ministry of Health also reported on the same day 141 new cases of A/H1N1. The southern provinces accounted for most of them with 122.

To date, Vietnam has reported 3,777 cases of the disease including three deaths.

Dr. Nga added that though the incidence of swine flu has soared, the fatality rate in Vietnam remains much lower than the World Health Organization’s forecast and in neighboring countries. Thailand has reported 130 deaths, Malaysia 73, India 105, Japan 10, and Singapore 17.

Worldwide, nearly 2,840 people have died of the disease.

Source: SGGP

Bird flu fatality rate drops in Indonesia

In Uncategorized on August 12, 2008 at 1:39 pm

– The bird flu fatality rate in Indonesia this year dropped from its level last year, said Bayu Krisnamurthi, executive chairman of the National Commission of Bird Flu Control and Alertness (FBPI).

“The fatality rate in 2007 was 88.1 percent, and in the first semester of 2008 it was recorded at 84.2 percent,” FBPI Chairman Bayu Krisnamurthi was quoted by Antara news agency as saying.

“The decrease has not made us relax, but at least it is a positive sign,” he said.

In 2006, 43 people were confirmed to have been infected with the virus, and 34 of them died. In 2007, 27 people were infected, and 23 died.

During the first half of this year, FBHI had recorded 19 bird flu cases and 16 of the sufferers died. Around 42 percent of the patients had had direct contact with infected poultry.-