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Posts Tagged ‘levels’

High reservoir levels promise fewer power cuts

In Uncategorized on November 24, 2010 at 6:21 am

High reservoir levels promise fewer power cuts

QĐND – Tuesday, November 23, 2010, 20:52 (GMT+7)

No power cuts are expected in the near future during peak hours of usage as water levels in reservoirs are sufficiently high, according to Electricity of Vietnam (EVN).

According to the National Meteorology Forecasts Centre, as of November 22, water levels in central and southern reservoirs were 4.7 to 22 metres higher than dead-water levels.

Water levels in northern reservoirs, such as those at Hoa Binh, Tuyen Quang and Song Da hydro-power plants, were seven to 10 metres lower than the same period last year.

Dang Hoang An, deputy general director of EVN, said higher water levels had helped to bring hydro-power plants in Central Highlands and southern provinces to normal operations.

An said a number of thermo-power plants would be suspended for periodic maintenance in preparation for power generation in the dry season of 2011.

To avoid power cuts in peak hours, EVN would continue to purchase electric power from abroad and run plants using expensive fuels such as FO and DO.

He added that EVN had been making plans to release water from reservoirs to irrigate the spring crop in 2011.

EVN’s subsidiaries, in coordination with irrigation companies in the Red River Delta, had been inspecting the irrigations systems to receive sources of water from reservoirs and use them economically.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Vietnam, France boost ties at various levels

In Uncategorized on November 5, 2010 at 3:55 pm

Infant gender imbalance reaches alarming levels

In Uncategorized on July 2, 2010 at 6:18 pm

Infant gender imbalance reaches alarming levels

QĐND – Friday, July 02, 2010, 21:55 (GMT+7)

Vietnam is facing a growing gender imbalance among newborns, with 110.6 boys born as compared with 100 girls in 2009, said a health official.

The Deputy Minister of Health, Nguyen Ba Thuy, released this information at a press conference in Hanoi on July 2 to introduce activities to be held in response to the World Population Day (July 11).

Ten years ago, the infant gender ratio was 106.2 boys for every 100 girls, he said, citing the prenatal gender selection which occurs mainly in the Red River Delta provinces and in well-off families as a major reason.

According to last year’s census, by April 1, 2009, Vietnam ’s population had reached 85.79 million, of whom 70.4 percent were living in rural areas and the rest in urban centres.

The total fertility rate has dropped to below the replacement level, from 2.33 children per woman in 1999 to 2.03 children per woman last year.

Thuy said Vietnam’s population is aging, while the quality of the population and the human development index, especially in terms of height, weight and strength, remain low compared with regional nations.

He added that the country would cope with more challenges in the years to come as the numbers of child-bearing age women, unexpected pregnancy and abortion among juveniles and adults are on the rise.

To improve the quality of the population, the population and family planning sector will continue to better reproductive health services, keep the birth rate at a reasonable level and ensure the infant gender imbalance not exceed 115 boys for every 100 girls.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Rising sea levels to blame for many HCM City floods

In Uncategorized on June 18, 2010 at 8:34 am

Rising sea levels to blame for many HCM City floods

QĐND – Tuesday, June 15, 2010, 20:51 (GMT+7)

Staying one step ahead of climate change and not avoiding direct confrontation with the phenomenon was one of many adaptation strategies proposed on June 14 at a conference in HCM City.

The conference identified several approaches, strategies and measures to adapt to climate change as HCM City pursued its development goals, including learning from the experiences of Rotterdam City.

Nguyen Thai Lai, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, said the climate change impacts challenge the city, but they should also be seen as an opportunity to “identify directions for development.”

The rise in sea levels, increasing temperatures and rainfall are flooding around 117 wards regularly during the rainy season, said Dao Anh Kiet, director of HCM City ‘s Department of Natural Resources and Environment. “With a 75cm sea level rise in 2050, 10 percent of the city’s area will be totally flooded,” he said.

Outlining the strategy of keeping one step ahead of the weather phenomenon, Dao Xuan Hoc, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development advised the city to stick to its plan of moving towards the sea.

“Developing the city in the eastern direction is one of the ways for us to adapt to climate change actively,” he said.

Vu Thuy Hai of the Urban and Rural Planning Sub-Institute under the Ministry of Construction said the Prime Minister had in January approved a master plan for HCM City for the 2025-35 period that included the development direction to the sea.

Under this plan, the city develops port townships in Hiep Phuoc ward, taking advantage of the Soai Rap estuary, as well as enhances urban development in the way to Cai Mep – Thi Vai estuary in Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, she said.

Tredo Vellinga of the Port of Rotterdam said moving ports from the inner city to the coastal area was a wise move that his city had also taken as an adaptation measure, taking back inland spaces for residential development.

He recommended that HCM City assess the effects of climate change on the development of low-lying and flood prone areas and develop research programmes to gather evidence on climate change impacts.

Velinga said it is necessary to keep the original geometry of tributaries and to control the discharge of waste into rivers.

Arnoud Molenaar, climate adaptation director of Rotterdam City praised the initiative shown by HCM City authorities “to act in time and start in time… to adapt well to the situation of climate change impacts.”

He said Rotterdam is trying to ensure that all its plans and projects including supply of water and power are aligned with its long-term development vision.

Some Vietnamese participants at the conference didn’t feel the application of Dutch models might be suited for HCM City because it has a more complex hydrology system compared with Rotterdam.

An official of the Southern Institute for Irrigation Planning called for prioritising pressing needs. “We should deal first with the matter of irrigation for the city and prioritise it rather than finding approaches to move to the sea.”

Kiet noted that the city’s strategy for climate change adaptation and city planning has been approved by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment but it could not be prioritised because the work needed to be coordinated by the ministry for the whole region, including the Mekong Delta provinces.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Bush-meat, wildlife trafficking at alarm levels

In Social life on March 22, 2010 at 4:08 pm

Bush-meat, wildlife trafficking at alarm levels

QĐND – Monday, March 22, 2010, 20:38 (GMT+7)

Vietnam’s ecosystem was seriously threatened by the widespread consumption of wild meat and trafficking of wildlife, experts said that at a recent conference.

Urgent action was needed on several fronts to prevent the destruction of the nation’s wildlife and their habitat, they said.

They called for strengthened, more effective public awareness campaigns against hunting and trafficking in wild animals and for the inclusion of this subject in the school curriculum, especially in rural areas.

Tom Osbon of the Vietnam-based Wildlife Management Office stressed the need to legalise multi-sectoral co-operation in preventing, discovering and punishing forest violations in order to protect wild animals effectively.

“It’s also very important to establish special inspectors in localities which record a high number of violations,” he added.

Dr Scott Roberton, head of Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), said that hunting wild animals for meat and trafficking had been happening in many countries, especially developing countries.

In Vietnam, hunting and trade animals had been alarming, he said.

A WCS study conducted at 200 restaurants in the central region found they consumed nearly 2 million wild animals per year. Among them, stag and wild boar accounted for around 70 percent of the consumed meat, followed by turtle, snake, fox and porcupine.

The study estimated the demand of wild animal consumption nationwide at nearly 4,500 tonnes per year.

The Forest Protection Department discovered 1,042 violations of wild animal protection laws last year, a decrease of 400 cases over 2008, the conference heard.

Dr. Nguyen Viet Dung, deputy head of the Centre for People and Nature Reconciliation, said that the real number was much higher.

Roberton added that Vietnam was also an important link in the international wild animal trafficking chain.

Last year, authorities found more than six tonnes of elephant tusks trafficked from Africa to Hai Phong City.

And, in 2008, more than 20 tonnes of pangolins (anteaters) and their scales were seized in Vietnam as they were being trafficked to China.

The Mong Cai Border Gate was one of places where wild animal trafficking is frequent.

Over the last two years, authorities have discovered 57 cases of trafficking in wild animals involving more than 7,612 individuals including monkeys and Tibetan bears and elephant tusks.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Melamine levels for food to follow WHO

In Uncategorized on December 9, 2008 at 5:17 pm

Hanoi (VNA) – The Ministry of Health is preparing a melamine standard for food.

The amount will be set following a World Health Organisation (WHO) finding that 0.2 milligrammes of the chemical per kilo of body weight per day is tolerable.

This means that a 50 kg person can safely consume 10mg of melamine daily.

“ Vietnam will now consider a safe limit for melamine based on careful calculations,” said the ministry’s Food Hygiene and Safety Department director Nguyen Cong Khan.

It will then publicise the allowed amount,” he said.

The department’s deputy director, Nguyen Thi Khanh Tran, said the ministry had yet to allow any amount of melamine in food.

But the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s recently announced limit of 2.5 mg of melamine in each kilo of animal feed was reasonable.

The WHO limit is lower than that in some industrialised countries.

The European Union’s limit is 0.5mg per kg of body weight and Canada ’s, 0.35mg.

WHO Vietnam representative Jean-Marc Olive said any country that set a melamine limit should sign an agreement with export countries to ensure the limit is honoured.

Importing countries should ask export countries to regularly check and supervise quality and licensing, he said.

Samples taken from the imports should be regularly tested.

Melamine is added to food to artificially boost its protein levels but too much can cause kidney damage.-

Pollution levels ring alarm bells

In Uncategorized on October 18, 2008 at 12:56 pm

Nghe An’s Anh Son Cement Factory emits dangerous smoke into the air. Serious polluters will face strict punishment for violations.— VNA/VNS Photo Ngoc Ha

HA NOI — Currently 4,000 factories in the country are causing serious environmental pollution, Nghiem Vu Khai, Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly Committee for Science, Technology and Environment has announced.

The findings were announced on Tuesday after the committee’s recent investigation of environmental protection in 20 provinces and cities.

Khai said the findings were even more damaging than expected, with an alarming volume of domestic and industrial waste being dumped into the environment.

He said the department planned to apply the highest punishments available under the Environment Protection Law to these polluters, which included both enterprises and hospitals.

If the culprits are found credit-worthy, however, they will be allowed to borrow money from the Environment Protection Fund to improve their waste treatment systems and try to fix the effects of their pollution, said Truong Manh Tien, the director of the fund.

Enterprises along the Cau, Nhue, Day, Dong Nai and Han rivers will take priority, said Tien.

The committee suggested that the Government publish specific guiding documents, from which the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, provinces and relevant sectors can use as reference to punish environmental offenders in industrial and urban areas.

Incidents where environment violations are so severe they fall under Criminal Law will be raised to higher levels, said Khai.

Khai stressed that it was necessary for local authorities to manage environment protection in their localities, improve the efficiency of environment protection activities, build environment observation and analysis stations and allocate capital for these activities. —