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Posts Tagged ‘measures’

Businesses need to grasp trade remedy measures

In Uncategorized on August 3, 2010 at 3:25 pm




Businesses need to grasp trade remedy measures


QĐND – Tuesday, August 03, 2010, 21:12 (GMT+7)


To protect their legitimate interests, businesses are entitled to ask for investigation and trade remedy measures (TRms) to combat unhealthy competition in imports and request the WTO to deal with lawsuits that can seriously damage them.

Businesses remain “vague”


“Vietnam has not yet used trade remedy measures (TRms) to protect its domestic industries although it has the necessary tools at its disposal,” said Vu Ba Phu, Deputy Head of the Competition Management Department.


According to the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), only 66 percent of Vietnamese businesses understand the basic content of all WTO agreements and less than 35 percent grasp Vietnam’s WTO commitments that are related to their sectors or business areas.


“This is the weak point of many Vietnamese associations and businesses when applying TRms. They only focus on exports and miss out on the domestic market,” said Tran Huu Huynh, Head of the VCCI’s Legal Department.


Even worse, through a recent seminar on using TRms to protect businesses from a glut of imported goods, did a representative from the Vietnam Construction Association learn about dumping and subsidies. But, in his words, how to apply TRms is another matter.
Apart from coping with anti-dumping and anti-subsidy and TRms lawsuits issued by other countries, Vietnamese businesses have to face with tough competitions from imported goods in the domestic market.


Mr Phu said that TRms are used legally by WTO member countries. Consequently, the application of these measures by member countries must be subject to WTO agreements on anti-dumping, anti- subsidy measures and TRms.


Deputy Minister of Trade Le Danh Vinh underlined the need to provide a comprehensive account of TRms for Vietnamese businesses.


To protect their legitimate interests and ensure the survival and development of businesses in the domestic market when facing unhealthy competition from imported goods, Vietnamese businesses are entitled to ask State management agencies to investigate and apply TRms against imported goods, said Mr Vinh.


Applying TRms on home turf


According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, over the past seventh months, Vietnam’s import surplus has hit US$7.44 billion, accounting for 19.45 percent of its export turnover. This figure underlines the competitive pressure of imported products and services on domestic production and services.


The Competition Management Department said while attempting to penetrate the Vietnamese market, foreign businesses take account of unhealthy competitive practices including dumping, subsidies or taking advantage of opportunities to flood the Vietnamese market with imported goods. This can cause losses for Vietnamese businesses on their home turf. Therefore, businesses and associations need to be more active when applying legal measures under WTO regulations to raise their competitive capacity in the domestic market.


In the middle of last year, the Viglacera Float Glass Company (VIFG) and the Vietnam Float Glass Company (VFG) officially asked the Ministry of Industry and Trade to investigate the application of TRms against float glass products imported to Vietnam. The investigation was of great importance to the country’s international trade activities as this was the first time domestic businesses had requested State management agencies to protect their interests under the WTO’s rules. This was also the first time, since joining the world’s largest trade organisation that Vietnam had officially conducted an investigation and considered applying TRms in its capacity as an importing country.


Mr Phu said that the investigation helped to reduce the imports of this product which enabled domestic float glass producers to increase their sales volume and restore production.


Being more active in the global market


Since 1994, Vietnam has faced 42 trade disputes, including 35 anti-dumping lawsuits, 10 of which have been imposed by the EU, 6 by India and 5 by the US.


Not only leather capped shoes and bicycles but also plastic bags were faced with anti-dumping taxes in 2009. The lawsuit is likely to be a precedent for other anti-subsidy lawsuits against Vietnam’s major exports to the US and other countries.


Some foreign experts warned that in 2010 wooden products, garments, and steel are likely to face anti-dumping lawsuits in the US and EU. Other products, such as chemicals, mechanic products and plastics may also be investigated.


According to the VCCI’s survey, 66 percent of businesses do not grasp the basic content of WTO agreements and more than half of businesses are not aware of Vietnam’s commitments relating to their products. However, if they learn about the legislation they can lodge a petition with the WTO to deal with disputes. This world body will then consider whether Vietnamese companies are charged with dumping prices or not and give a final decision.


Both domestic and foreign lawyers said that international trade disputes are inevitable so businesses associations should prepare and come up with long-term measures and use international trade law to deal with them.


Experts said that when anti-dumping taxes are invalid, they might be extended, so businesses will be faced with such taxes forever.


For example, Vietnamese footwear products will continue to face an anti-dumping tax of 10 percent in 15 months since January 2010 and probably the EU Footwear Federation will have to ask the EC to extend the deadline.


Dealing with trade disputes under the WTO framework is common and businesses should not consider it a complicated process.


The WTO has an agency to deal with trade disputes. Having become its members for three years, Vietnam has the responsibility and the right to ask the WTO to consider any unjust lawsuit against Vietnamese businesses.


In the first quarter of this year, Vietnam already lodged with the WTO strong protest against the US imposition of anti-dumping taxes on its frozen shrimp. The economic community is optimistic about the possibility of winning the case. After five years of paying these taxes, Vietnam has suffered a lot of losses. If the tax continues to be imposed for the next five years, the US will not be a lucrative market for Vietnamese frozen shrimp.

Source: VOV

Source: QDND

Evacuation measures only partially effective for annually flooded central region

In Uncategorized on August 3, 2010 at 11:20 am

A host of central residents relocated to resettlement areas have lamented that the policy has left them in less than ideal circumstances, as they now lack land for agricultural production.

Hundreds of families who live close to the sea wait to be resettled in Quy Nhon town, Binh Dinh Province (Photo: SGGP)

In the historic flood of 1999, which severely devastated the central region, the Vu Gia riverside village Phuong Trung was eliminated in Dai Quang Commune, Dai Loc District, Quang Nam Province. The village residents had nothing left as their houses together with other properties were swept into the sea.


Local authorities then decided to build a new village on a hill, 3 kilometers from the old village, to evacuate residents without any plan for farming production. Over the past ten years, people there have lived a difficult life.


Le Thi Kim, 62-year-old woman said that she is single but has to bring up her brother’s two orphaned children and her 86-year-old mother. Everyday, she leaves the village early in the morning to seek any work, including doing housework and taking care of other children in order to buy food.

“I am old now and just wish to have a garden to cultivate rice and vegetables,” she said.


Another village inhabitant named Pham Van Vinh said that he could not raise pigs or chicken as they all die due to the sweltering weather. He said his family earned VND30 million from breeding and selling groceries each year when they lived in the old village.


Also after the 1999 flood, 18 households in Ha Lac Village, Quang Loi Commune, Quang Dien District, Thua Thien-Hue Province were evacuated to a resettlement area. After over 10 years, they continue to experience a rough existence without electricity, paved roads, fresh water or schools. As a result, 14 of the 18 households have left their resettlement homes to return the old village or have traveled to other provinces and cities to earn livelihoods.


Hundreds of resettlement areas have been built in Thua Thien-Hue since 2005, in response to floods and storms. However, several residents have left the new houses to return to their old homes. As a result, the number of people that must evacuate when floods and storms occur still tops 80,000 in the province each year.


Resettlement


Hundreds of tottery houses are found dangerously close to waves that crash along the beaches in Hoai Nhon, Phu My and Phu Cat districts and Quy Nhon town of Binh Dinh Province.


One year after his house was swallowed by ocean tides, Vo Ngoc Van’s family, in Nhon Ly Commune of Quy Nhon town, is still awaiting resettlement.


Van’s house fell into the sea due to heavy rains caused by a tropical low-pressure system that swept through the area in May of 2009. His family has had to live with relatives. He said that local authorities have promised to arrange resettlement for his family, but one year has gone by and they have done nothing.


Most households said they agreed to evacuate from landslide prone areas to new resettlement areas, according to Pham Dung, who resettled at An My Commune in Phu My District. However, life remains difficult for them; to build a new house costs tens of millions, while the State only assists each family with VND10 million (US$526).


Binh Dinh People’s Committee has arranged resettlement for nearly 2,300 households in the province. However, they reported difficulties implementing this plan, due to a lack of capital.


Effective solution


The first flood-prevention houses in the central region were built in Ngu Hanh Son District of Danang City. Each two-story home was built solidly on 300 square meters and include a bathroom, reading room, kitchen and container that can hold 1,000 liters of fresh water.

A flood-prevention house in Ngu Hanh Son District, Danang City (Photo: SGGP)

Last year, when local people rushed to these houses to avoid floods, rescuers easily delivered rice and instant noodles to each house using motorboats.


The Central Natural Disasters Relief Fund has sponsored construction of 21 works to prevent natural disasters in low-lying areas in 10 central provinces and cities, said the fund director Nguyen Dang Lam.


The houses are used not only for avoiding floods, but also for other activities including musical performances, medical checks and treatment and teaching.


The fund will continue financing the building of another 30 works, including 15 flood-prevention houses in the region this year, Lam revealed.


On the other hand, Nguyen Thi Tuyet Mai from Quang Binh Province said that the State should provide residents with loans to rebuild or reinforce their houses, which would ease the local authorities’ pressure to evacuate residents during storm and flood seasons.

Source: SGGP

PM calls for measures to deal with drought, heat

In Uncategorized on July 5, 2010 at 4:10 pm




PM calls for measures to deal with drought, heat


QĐND – Monday, July 05, 2010, 21:26 (GMT+7)

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung has asked central provinces which have been hit severely by drought and heat to take drastic measures to negate the effects of drought and ensure the timely harvest of the summer-autumn crop.


Over the recent period, droughts and heat-waves have had a negative effect on agricultural production in the central provinces. It is likely that farmers will experience poor harvests as many hectares of already planted paddy rice have dried out while many hectares in some areas have been left fallow due to water shortages.


In an urgent dispatch sent to the province late last week, the Prime Minister asked chairmen of the People’s Committees from affected provinces to instruct the local Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development and related agencies to ensure water supplies to the paddy fields. In areas where rice could not be planted, farmers must grow other less water-thirsty crops instead.


Local authorities were required to dredge canals and ditches; install more pumping stations; manage water resources more efficiently by preventing losses and leakages from the reservoirs and irrigation works; and ensure that measures are in place to distribute water.


The Prime Minister also allowed provinces to use their disaster prevention budgets and other legal financial sources for drought mitigation.


The Prime Minister also ordered Electricity of Vietnam to ensure power supplies for irrigation and water works and co-operate with local authorities to release more water from hydro-electric power reservoirs.


The National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasts was requested to keep a close eye on weather and hydro-meteorological forecasts in order to issue timely warnings of water shortages and data for hydro-electric power plants to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Electricity of Vietnam, and local authorities so that they could actively take measures to combat the worst effects of the drought.


Source: VNS/VOVNews


Source: QDND

PM spells out measures to combat drought

In Uncategorized on July 3, 2010 at 4:07 pm




PM spells out measures to combat drought


QĐND – Saturday, July 03, 2010, 21:1 (GMT+7)

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung sent a dispatch July 2 to related provinces, cities and ministries, outlining urgent measures to fight against the major drought affecting Northern Central and Southern Central Coastal areas.


The measures are aimed to help farmers cultivate the upcoming summer-autumn crop as scheduled, ensure production and stabilize people’s lives.


These provinces and cities are currently affected by a severe drought that has caused the loss of vast areas of rice fields. The drought is menacing the cultivation of the summer-autumn crop, so there is a high risk of crop failure on a mass scale.


The PM asked people’s committees of affected provinces and cities and local administrations of all levels to synchronously implement measures on fighting against drought, including dredging irrigation canals, installing more water pumping stations, monitoring and using effectively and economically water sources and ensuring sufficient water for paddy fields.


To ensure cultivation, PM Dung asked localities to use their standby budgets allocated for natural disasters and other funds.


The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development was asked to order people’s committees and related agencies to visit severely affected localities to keep track of the situation and instruct people how to deal with the drought.


The Ministry of Industry and Trade was asked to order the Electricity of Vietnam Group to prioritize power to the cause and cooperate with localities to make a plan for letting out water from reservoirs to dried areas.


PM Dung also asked the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources to instruct the National Center for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting to follow the situation closely and keep the public informed of upcoming weather conditions.


Source: SGGP


 


Source: QDND

Vietnam needs tsunami preparation measures

In Uncategorized on July 1, 2010 at 10:20 am




Vietnam needs tsunami preparation measures


QĐND – Wednesday, June 30, 2010, 20:58 (GMT+7)

Scientists from the Institute of Global Physics on June 29 warned that Vietnam could probably be hit by a tsunami, thus the country needs to prepare itself for emergency scenarios.


Speaking at an online nationwide conference about tsunami and earthquake prevention measures, Nguyen Hong Phuong, deputy director of the Institute’s Tsunami Warning and Earthquake Information Centre, said that so far, Vietnam had not any tsunami observation and measurement system created.


The institute has created 25 scenarios to prepare for tsunamis in Vietnam . The scenarios address regions that are prone to tsunamis, and take into consideration that risks and damage that can be caused by this natural calamity, Phuong said.


The institute also defined areas that are potentially at risk to experience an earthquake, which include the north-western mountainous provinces, the Ca river-valley in the central province of Nghe An and the offshore area in the south of the country, he said.


Vietnam had set up 24 earthquake observation centres nationwide, Phuong added.


Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Duc Phat said that to limit damage and ensure sustainable development and socio-economic planning, provinces that could potentially hit by tsunamis must be prepared for such events.


According to statistics, since 1914, Vietnam has been hit by 1,650 earthquakes, of which 95 percent occurred in Dien Bien Province.


Source: VNA


Source: QDND

Flood control measures in Hanoi to be carried out

In Uncategorized on May 21, 2010 at 5:09 pm




Flood control measures in Hanoi to be carried out


QĐND – Friday, May 21, 2010, 21:7 (GMT+7)

At a meeting to carry out flood and storm control plans in 2010 held by the Hanoi People’s Committee in Hanoi on May 20th, the Department of Transport has been assigned to prepare motor-boats, automobiles, and other useful vehicles and equipment for areas and key locations prone to flooding inside Hanoi.


Trinh Duy Hung, Vice Chairman of the Hanoi People’s Committee, said that a series of eventful activities, including the great anniversary of 1,000 years of Thang Long-Hanoi, will be held between August and October this year. The most unfavourable weather often happens during those months. Thus, measures to deal with floods or the submergence of inner Hanoi must be actively taken.


Accordingly, much attention should be paid to drainage systems at several water supply stations and dams, namely Yen So, Dong My, Sieu Quan, Hoa Binh and Thanh Liet, so that they can work properly when needed.


In addition, the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development has to regularly check reserved materials and vehicles for their readiness in any circumstances.


At the meeting, Vice Chairman Trinh Duy Hung also required Ha Dong, Tu Liem and Thanh Tri districts to be responsible for preventing the NhueRiver from flooding into inner Hanoi.


Source: Vnexpress


Translated by Mai Huong


Source: QDND

NA deputies discuss measures to continue stabilizing macroeconomy

In Uncategorized on May 20, 2010 at 5:06 pm




NA deputies discuss measures to continue stabilizing macroeconomy


QĐND – Thursday, May 20, 2010, 21:1 (GMT+7)

The 7th session of the 12th National Assembly (NA) officially opened in Hanoi on May 20. The NA deputies and voters nationwide paid a lot of attention to working out ways of ensuring stability in the macroeconomy.


Since the beginning of this year, the Government has asked all ministries, agencies and localities to make a greater effort to carry out their socio-economic development tasks in line with the NA Resolution. Subsequently, the socio-economic situation in the first four months has seen a number of positive changes and high growth rates in various fields, including industry, agriculture and services.


The domestic market has operated well, resulting in increases in retail revenues and development capital, as well as ensuring social welfare. The exchange rate between the US dollar and Vietnam dong in the free markets is now close to the officially rate posted by commercial banks.


However, it is still quite a challenge to maintain a high economic growth while curbing the inflation rate at the same time. Le Quoc Dung, deputy head of the NA’s Commission for Economic Affairs, pointed out that to achieve sustainable growth and combat inflation, it is essential to prioritise to boostings export and make it easier for businesses to access loans. It is also important to ensure an adequate supply of goods on the domestic market and to promote production, he added.


According to Tran Dinh Dan, Chairman of the NA Office, Cabinet members will have two and a half days to discuss this. The opening and closing ceremonies, as well as the inquiries session and the discussions between NA deputies at the ongoing 7th session of the 12th NA will be broadcast live on the VOV1 channel of Radio the Voice of Vietnam and the VTV1 channel of Vietnam Television.


Many delegates at the meeting raised their concerns about the new challenges currently facing the national economy, saying they could pose a serious threat. In the first fourth months of this year, Vietnam’s import surplus reached US$4.7 billion, while last year’s balance of payments suffered a deficit of US$8 billion. This will result in the foreign currency market and the exchange rate experiencing more fluctuations, which in turn will affect the management of imports and exports and the balance of payment. Furthermore, the tightening of the monetary policy to prevent a high inflation rate has posed many difficulties for businesses trying to access loans.


Increases in the price of electricity, coal, water and petrol has seen the CPI rise sharply, which concerns many citizens and businesses.


In addition, internal problems in the economy continue to affect socio-economic targets being achieved, such as low growth and industrial value not matching the high level of capital used.


Bui Van Tinh, head a delegation from Hoa Binh, and member of the NA’s Committee for Finance and Budget said that there should a plan to reduce the loan rates at commercial banks as the interest rate is currently too high compared to production output. The quality of products, especially in agricultural processing, must be improved and there needs to be a comprehensive export plan for the future to boost the export of strategic products, said Mr Tinh.


Duong Anh Dien, head of Hai Phong delegation and a member of the NA’s Committee for Finance and Budget said that Vietnam should pay more attention to improving the value of its products. “if we take more care during processing our export value will increase,” said Mr Dien. For example the earnings from exports of titan ore is not very high so the country should commission import processing plants which would raise the export value by 10 times. This is a good way of stabilising the macroeconomy.


Many external factors affect the economy while the management of the economy also faces some problems, such as inflation and exchange rate. Therefore, it is essential to stabilise the macro-economy from now until the end of this year. Together with carrying out the eight key measures stipulated by the Government, including managing currency policies flexibly, maintaining the credit growth rate and payments set at a reasonable level in line with development targets and controlling inflation, Vietnam needs to monitors changes in supply and demand, assessing production and the consumption of essential commodities to avoid shortages and price hikes. They are the main issues that will be discussed at this session.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND

Tough US measures needed to beat climate change: experts

In Uncategorized on May 19, 2010 at 5:06 pm

WASHINGTON, May 19, 2010 (AFP) – The United States has to lead the global fight on climate change by breaking with business-as-usual and setting tough standards for the amount of greenhouse gases it emits into the atmosphere, US scientists said Wednesday.


In one of three multi-hundred-page reports on climate change by the National Research Council, scientists said the United States should set a budget that would limit greenhouse gas emissions to a total of between 170 and 200 gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent between 2012 and 2050.

(Indonesia) Workers of PT. Belayan River Timber work in the forest in Long Hubung on March 30, 2010, part of its 97,500-hectare concession near Samarinda on southeastern Borneo. AFP photo

That limit would correspond to a reduction of US emissions from 1990 levels by 80 to 50 percent, depending whether the upper or lower “budgetary level” is chosen, and would require “a major departure from business-as-usual emission trends,” the report said.


US emissions have been rising at a rate of one percent per year for the past three decades, and in 2008 reached around seven gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent.


Even if emissions stuck at the 2008 rate and if the higher budget target of 200 gigatons was chosen, the US would exceed its emissions budget by 2041.


The NRC report urged the US to lead the way on reducing emissions so that other nations will follow, the scientists said.


“Although limiting emissions must be a global effort to be effective, strong US actions to reduce emissions will help encourage other countries to do the same,” they said.


The cap-and-trade system — where a total level of allowable domestic emissions is set, companies are given emissions quotas, and the small polluters can sell their surplus to firms that exceed theirs — was one of the most effective ways of reducing emissions, the report said.


Cap-and-trade was declared dead by Republican Senator Lindsey Graham two months ago, but a climate bill proposed this month by Democratic Senator John Kerry and Independent Joe Lieberman proposed setting up just such a system, even though it did not call it by name.


The senators’ plan would cut US carbon emissions by 17 percent by 2020 from 2005 levels, going up to 83 percent by 2050.


The scientists warned, though, that putting a price on carbon would only work if the United States also improves energy efficiency, speeds up the development of renewable energy sources, develops new-generation nuclear power, and retrofits, decommissions or replaces facilities that belch greenhouse gases into the air.


One of the other reports issued as part of what the NRC calls its most comprehensive climate change study to date reaffirms US scientists’ strong belief that climate change is occurring and is caused largely by human activities.


Climate change skeptics last year seized on a leak of thousands of emails and other documents from researchers at the University of East Anglia in Britain, which appeared to show scientists saying global warming was not as serious as previously thought.


A few months later, another scandal rocked the world of climate science, when the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was accused of basing a report about ice disappearing from the world’s mountain peaks on a student essay and an article in a mountaineering magazine.


The third report released Wednesday urges US policymakers to take steps to reduce the country’s vulnerability to climate change impacts that cannot be avoided, while stressing that adapting to climate change was not an alternative to limiting it.


The trilogy of reports were released as the US and more than 190 other nations continue to hammer out the details of a successor treaty to the Kyoto Protocol, which set a target of industrialized nations cutting emissions blamed for global warming by an average of five percent by the end of 2012 from 1990 levels.


The United States was the only major nation to reject the treaty, arguing it was unfair because it made no demands of fast-growing economies such as China, now the world’s top carbon emitter.

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Source: SGGP

HCM City takes measures to ease traffic congestion

In Uncategorized on May 13, 2010 at 12:55 am




HCM City takes measures to ease traffic congestion


QĐND – Wednesday, May 12, 2010, 21:5 (GMT+7)

HCM City’s Department of Transport has mapped out urgent measures to ease traffic congestion in the city.


The department is working to create a list of congested areas where new business registration certificates should not be granted to enterprises. The proposal will then be sent to the municipal People’s Committee for approval.


The department will also install additional road signs on crowded routes, according to the department’s report that was submitted to the municipal People’s Committee on May 10.


Creating one-way streets and accelerating the progress of construction work in order to remove safety fences that cause additional congestion will be carried out until the end of the year.


An inventory of schools with constant traffic jams at their surrounding areas will be completed and submitted to the city’s Department of Education and Training so that measures can be implemented to deal with the congestion.


The department’s inspectors will conduct more patrols and stricter fines will be given to street racers, particularly near the East-West Highway and Thu Thiem Bridge.


Source: VNA


Source: QDND

Hanoi intensifies measures against blue-ear pig disease

In Uncategorized on May 8, 2010 at 4:46 pm




Hanoi intensifies measures against blue-ear pig disease


QĐND – Saturday, May 08, 2010, 22:30 (GMT+7)

The Hanoi municipal People’s Committee on May 7 issued an urgent telegram asking leaders of districts and towns to establish steering boards for epidemic prevention and control and introduce effective measures again blue-ear disease in pigs.


The telegram urged localities to strictly implement preventive measures following the regulations of the Veterinary Ordinance and instructions of functional agencies to detect new outbreaks of the disease as soon as possible and prevent further contagion.


According to the Hanoi Department of Animal Health, blue-ear pig disease has spread to two more districts, Thuong Tin and Thanh Oai. Earlier, three districts – Gia Lam, Me Linh and Phu Xuyen – had been found to be hit by the epidemic.


As many as 418 pig breeding farms in 56 hamlets in 17 communes of the above five districts were reported to be infected by blue-ear disease, resulting in more than 3,770 sick pigs, including more than 2,100 deaths.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND