wiki globe

Posts Tagged ‘poverty’

Urban poverty survey in Hanoi, HCMC announced

In Uncategorized on December 17, 2010 at 8:26 am

A survey about urban poverty in both Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, a project financed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), was announced on December 15.

Nearly 57 percent of the migrants in HCMC and Hanoi are without health insurance cards

The survey has accessed poverty not simply as an issue of lack of income, but rather, it is a multi-dimensional problem.


The poor are deprived across a wide range of different domains such as health, education and the access to clean water and sanitation.


According to the survey, the number of migrants accounted for 11.4 percent of the population of Hanoi and 20.6% in HCMC.


In these two cities, 72% of migrants are aged from 15-39 years old. The ratio of people studying in public schools is also much lower than that of permanent residents.


In addition, 56.6% of them are without health insurance cards, which is 1.7 times higher as compared with the permanent group.


Average income of permanent residents is 16% higher than of migrants. Over half of the later group live in rented accommodation and in makeshift homes.


The number of the poor people in rural areas is much higher than in urban areas. More migrants are coming into the city areas, in the attempt to improve their quality of life.


Setsuko Yamazaki, representative from the UNDP in Vietnam, said that she hoped the data from the survey, as well as the forthcoming research would help the two cities further develop policies and action plans, so that urban poverty can be reduced.

Source: SGGP

Vietnam’s right policy alleviates hunger, poverty

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 9:47 am

Hunger elimination and poverty reduction program is one of biggest target in the essential service strategies of the government. The program has achieved certain accomplishments when the entire machinery of state and agencies are mobilized to fight hunger and poverty.

Kim Tay (2,R) at his fish brreding pond (Photo: SGGP)

Poverty and ignorance are great barriers to residents in the Mekong delta. However, some people have not given up to their fate; they worked hard to alleviate the poverty and stabilize their living.


Take Huynh Mai Ly in district Vi Thuy in the Mekong delta province of Hau Giang as an example.  When she got married, her parents gave 0,2 ha of paddy field to the newly married young couple. The crop usually failed, therefore they barely made ends meet. They were in despair when their twin baby boys were born.


She was preoccupied by seeking a job to escape poverty to bring up children. After many sleepless nights, she decided to knit water hyacinth into handicraft items like bags. She cannot remember the number of times she failed but her efforts have gone rewarded when her products are consumed.


The husband also learned how to net money from the neighbors. He at first bred pigs but it did not bring in much profit, he then raised snakehead fish. He achieved success with fish farm. The family’s economy is stable thanks to their determination to overcome difficulties.


The government supported the family VND12 million (US$600) last year. The couple spent their savings building a new house.


The program also got success in the Mekong delta province of Ca Mau which is famous for its poverty. Khmer ethnic minority group with a population of about one million has escaped from the poverty.


Mr. Kim Tay who has big family with 0,5 ha garden worked hard to grow high-yield vegetable and fruits and breed fish. His efforts have not been futile when he netted over VND100 million (US$5,000) per year from selling vegetable, fruits and fish.


Like Mr. Tay, inhabitants there grow trees and breed animal upon the demand. They therefore make rich from farming and breeding.


People in the Mekong delta province of Ben Tre enjoyed wealthy lives thanks to a project to support need women who earn money by collecting waste set up by the organization Terre des homes in 2004. The project managers have given loans with low interest to women who will conduct their own businesses to make money.


The entire machinery of state and relevant agencies have been mobilized to launch movements to make rich among farmers. Duong Tien Dung, deputy chairman of Ca Mau’s People’s Committee said the rate of poor household has decreased from 19.2 percent in 2006 to 8.15 percent in 2010. Most of needy households in communes can access to the preferential loan.


The program launched in 2005 has created jobs for 13,000 laborers, assisting to restore traditional industries and jobs for housewives.


Nguyen Quoc Bao, deputy head of Ben Tre’s People’s Committee, reported the province has satisfied its 5-year target of hunger elimination and poverty reduction a the poverty rate has fallen from 20,02 percent in 2005 to 9 percent this year. Nearly 30,000 poor families have raised their income in the province. The government has supported over 7,700 families to construct new houses, 12,000 people to pursuit vocational training to have stable jobs as well as transfer technologies of farming and breeding to farmers.


In the meantime, the Farmer Association in the Mekong delta province of Long An established funds to give farmers loan with low interest and help farmers to find market for their products.


Provinces have their own ways to assist farmers and need residents to fight poverty and hunger to reach its set targets.

Source: SGGP

HCM City to lift farmers out of poverty

In Uncategorized on November 10, 2010 at 2:21 am

Efforts to sustain poverty reduction

In Uncategorized on October 17, 2010 at 10:23 pm




Efforts to sustain poverty reduction


QĐND – Sunday, October 17, 2010, 20:41 (GMT+7)

Vietnam has tried very hard to reduce its poverty rate and assist the poor and the Vietnam Fatherland Front has held the ‘Day for the Poor’ for ten years.


The movement has made very encouraging achievements through active response from various groups of Vietnamese people, organizations and businesses inside and outside the country.


The movement has mobilized many resources worth trillions of Vietnam dong to assist the poor with production materials and food between crops. The Fund for the Poor has helped to build almost one million houses for more than four million poor people.


Tens of millions of poor people have received money to buy bicycles and pay for education. They were also given regular and emergency medical treatment. Millions of poor households were granted preferential credit whiles tens of thousands of poor people received free vocational training.


They have also been provided with free health insurance cards and legal assistance.


The State has continually written and issued comprehensive policies to cover the basic demands of the poor and has many different channels for assistance.


However, more is still needed to maintain the results of poverty reduction as many people who have escaped from poverty are in danger of relapsing, especially after natural disasters, epidemics or economic shocks. Under the new criteria for poverty from now until 2015, Vietnam will have 3.3 million poor households or about 15 million poor people.


One measure that has been effective in addressing this issue is using mass media to raise public awareness and encourage poor people to rise out of poverty.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND

US$150 million for 9th Poverty Reduction programme

In Uncategorized on July 30, 2010 at 7:19 pm




US$150 million for 9th Poverty Reduction programme


QĐND – Friday, July 30, 2010, 20:55 (GMT+7)

The Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV), Nguyen Van Giau, and the World Bank (WB)’s Acting Country Director, Alain Barbu, signed an agreement and deals concerning the 9th Poverty Reduction Support Credit programme (PRSC 9) for Vietnam, worth US$150 million, in Hanoi on July 29.


This credit level shows the WB’s commitment to continuing to assist Vietnam’s economic development and campaign to reduce poverty.


The PRSC 9 officially started in November, 2009 and is the fourth programme in the five-year plan (PRSC 6-10) to support Vietnam carrying out its Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) for the 2006-2010 period.  


The programme focuses on business development, social integration, the management of natural resources and instituting a modern national administration.


The amount of credit for the PRSC 9 has been provided with a loan term of 35 years. So far, the total amount of credit the WB has authorised Vietnam through the PRSC has reached US$1.475 billion.


As scheduled, nine bilateral and multilateral sponsors will take part in the PRSC 9 programme in form of preferential loans or non-refundable assistance.


This support will be incorporated in the state budget and used to realise national targets, including alleviating hunger, reducing poverty and promoting economic growth.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND

Forest protection helps highlands communes escape poverty

In Uncategorized on July 29, 2010 at 11:17 am

Thanks to payment received for environmental services (PES), residents of two communes in the highlands province of Lam Dong have escaped poverty.

Households in Lam Dong Province (Photo: Vietnam Government Web Portal)

After two years of conducting a pilot project of PES in two communes, one of several mechanisms for generating sustainable financing for biodiversity conservation, deforestation has reduced along the Da Nhim River in Lac Duong District where people had chopped down many pine trees to grow coffee.


The program rewards local communities involved in conservation activities by allowing them to manage land and resources, and then providing payment for the economically important goods and services that result from their ecological stewardship.


Da Sar commune People’s Committee chairman Ya Tiong said almost all local farmers have been assigned to protect nearly 15,000 hectares of jungle in the commune; they feel proud to be guardians of the jungle, which intensifies their awareness of environmental protection.


Meanwhile, 260 households in Da Nhim Commune agreed to guard over 7.500 hectares of jungle. Da Nhim Hydro Power Plant paid VND290,000 per hectare to each household in 2009.


Lac Duong District People’s Committee said deforestation violations in communes Da Sar and Da Nhim have reduced by half since the program was implemented.


Moreover, each household nets VND8 million by protecting 30 wood hectares annually; they spent the sum on high yielding breeds of coffee, planting vegetables or raising cattle and poultry.

Households stand to earn VND45 million per year through farming.  The rate of impoverished families in Da Sar commune has dropped from 30.35 per cent in 2008 to 14.5 per cent in 2009; meanwhile the poverty rate has reduced from 34.33 per cent to 27.54 per cent in Da Nhim Commune.

The government issued a decision to pay for environmental services in 2008 for the highlands province of Lam Dong, the northern provinces of Son La and Hoa Binh, the central province of Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan, the southern province of Dong Nai and Ho Chi Minh City.

Hydro power plants, water suppliers and tourist companies in the areas with jungles must pay for the services, according to the decision.

Source: SGGP

Women make huge contributions to poverty alleviation

In Uncategorized on July 15, 2010 at 8:55 am




Women make huge contributions to poverty alleviation


QĐND – Wednesday, July 14, 2010, 20:58 (GMT+7)

PANO – The Vietnam Women’s Union has organised the second Patriotic Emulation Congress and reviewed the 3-year campaign “Study and Follow President Ho Chi Minh’s Exemplary Morality”.


Speaking at the event, Vice President Nguyen Thi Doan highly appreciated the achievements of Vietnamese women through the Patriotic Emulation Movement and the campaign “Study and Follow President Ho Chi Minh’s exemplary Morality”.


She also introduced several measures to improve the quality of the emulation tasks in the future. Accordingly, cadres of the emulation tasks need to enhance their abilities to help each other to carry out the two campaigns.


Over the past five years, women nationwide have launched various activities to alleviate poverty and to encourage family business. As a result, 735,334 households removed themselves from below the poverty line.


In addition, they also saved more than VND 40 billion and 360,673 tonnes of rice to help poor women and children nationwide.


On this occasion, 6 outstanding teams and individuals from military units took part in the event.


Translated by Duy Minh


Source: QDND

Website on poverty reduction makes debut

In Uncategorized on May 6, 2010 at 4:40 pm




Website on poverty reduction makes debut


QĐND – Thursday, May 06, 2010, 21:37 (GMT+7)

A website providing information about poverty reduction in the country’s 62 poorest districts officially made its debut in Hanoi on May 6.


Ngo Truong Thi, Vice Director of the Department of Social Protection under the Ministry of Labour, War Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), said the website is designed to provide official, timely and comprehensive information about the implementation of the government’s Resolution 30A regarding rapid and sustainable poverty reduction in the targeted districts.


Along with introducing concerned documents, the website, at http://giamngheo.molisa.gov.vn, will keep readers updated on the progress of implementing the programme as well as experiences of outstanding individuals who successfully escape from poverty.


According to MoLISA, after one year of performing the resolution, the rate of poor households in these districts dropped from 47 percent in 2008 to 43 percent in late 2009.


The government earmarked almost 5.43 trillion VND for the poor districts to carry out Resolution 30A in 2009 and 2010, reported the ministry.


Forty-two State-owned groups, corporations and businesses pledged to grant more than 2.1 trillion VND to support the districts in the 2009-2020 period, of which 723 billion VND was doled out in 2009.


By the end of the first quarter of 2010, the beneficiary districts had built over 73,000 houses for poor families, 167 district-level infrastructure projects and 520 commune-level works.


As part of the programme, a total of 180,000 poor households were provided with free-of-charge saplings and animals for farming and rice as food.


Enterprises joined hands with local authorities to send almost 1,700 poor workers to Libya, Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates, where they have earned a stable income of between 4-6.5 million VND a month.


In terms of personnel, 14 provinces sent 240 young officials from provincial and district-level agencies to work in the poor districts.


The programme has set a target of reducing the number of poor households in the districts to 40 percent by the end of 2010 and to the regional average by 2020.


Source: VNA


Source: QDND

Poverty reduction plan success

In Uncategorized on April 13, 2010 at 3:32 pm




Poverty reduction plan success


QĐND – Tuesday, April 13, 2010, 22:7 (GMT+7)

Poverty reduction has been successful in remote mountainous regions thanks to National Programme 135, Ksor Phuoc, chairman of the National Assembly Council of Nationalities, told the National Assembly Standing Committee on April 12.


Fact-finding tours of 22 provinces, 44 districts and 50 communes that were classified as “especially disadvantaged” over the last four years revealed that incomes had increased markedly while local infrastructure had been developed, Phuoc said.


“This success should be attributed to the efficient integration of Programme 135 and other national targeted projects, as well as projects directly linked to poverty reduction in regions,” Phuoc emphasised.


“The yearly average per capita income of people living in these disadvantaged areas is about 3.5 million VND (180 USD). The number of poor households dropped to 31 percent in 2009 from 47 percent in early 2006. The target is for that figure to fall below 30 percent,” Phuoc said.


The second phase of the five-year programme, which ends this year, has a budget of 14 trillion VND (875 million USD). Of that figure, 450 million USD came from seven foreign donors, including the World Bank, Finland, Ireland, the European Commission and the United Nations Development Programme. The remainder came from the State and local budgets.


Based on what has been achieved in the last four years, it is likely that by the end of 2010 when the second phase of the programmes comes to an end, key targets, such as infrastructure development and poverty reduction will have been met, Phuoc said.


“The per annum reduction of poor households is rapid, but not sustainable. They [residents] are likely to become poor again if they are hit by natural disasters,” Phuoc said.


Tran The Vuong, chairman of the National Assembly’s Ombudsmen, said it was important to ensure that poverty alleviation programmes did not work against on another.


“By doing so we’ll be able to avoid overlapping of programmes,” Vuong said.


“An indispensable part of a comprehensive poverty reduction programme is its sustainability.”


Truong Thi Mai, chairwoman of the National Assembly Committee on Social Affairs, asked ministries to share information on poverty reduction campaigns.


“Most of the projects focus on infrastructure development. While the disbursement rate was very high, projects to directly help the people escape poverty moved at a snail’s pace,” Mai said.


She added that the Government should apply different sets of criteria for poor households in the plains and mountainous regions.


“There cannot be one criteria applied to all,” she said.


Le Quang Binh, chairman of the Committee on National Defence and Security, said that it was important to ensure that the best use is made of the limited funds available.


“Instead of investing in 2,850 communes and 25,000 hamlets as at present, we should invest in several hundred communes in a year and then scale up the next year, “ Binh said.


Ha Hung, vice chairman of the Council of Nationalities, said more funding should be made available to tackle poverty in remote regions.


“Because of the low investment capital, in many communes of they want to build a road they have to give up their wish of having a health care centre or an irrigation project,” Hung said.


The report concluded that the Government should continue to invest in socio-economic development in the programme’s third phase from 2011-15.


The second phase of Programme 135 was implemented in 1,946 communes.


The meeting was chaired by National Assembly Chairman Nguyen Phu Trong.


Members of the National Assembly Committee discussed the amended Trade Unions Law on April 12 in Hanoi.


According to Dang Ngoc Tung, President of the Vietnam General Confederation of Labour, the law, which has been in place for the last 19 years, has been crucial to the proper functioning of the union.


However, he said some articles of the law were no longer relevant.


Tung said the amended law would consist of six chapters and 34 articles.


The NA Legal Committee’s report supported the amendments to the law, saying that it was essential to amend the law during the country’s process of industrialisation and modernisation.


The report also said that it was crucial to accurately define the role and tasks of a union to ensure the rights of officials and workers.


Tran The Vuong, chairman of the Ombudsman Committee, said the work of the unions should be reviewed to better serve the workers.


Meanwhile, Vuong said the trade union should be supported by the employers. He said the union should work for a harmonious, stable and developed relationship between employers and employees.


Vuong and deputy Truong Thi Mai, chairwoman of the NA’s Social Affairs Committee, said that about 50 articles relating to the Trade Union Law were also mentioned in the Amended Labour Code.


According to Mai, about 3,000 strikes occurred over the last 10 years – none of them legally.


Under the current regulations, workers have the right to strike when industrial action is organised by their local trade unions or their representatives in the case of enterprises which do not have a union.


Source: VNA


Source: QDND

Challenges for poverty reduction

In Social life on October 18, 2009 at 4:15 pm




Challenges for poverty reduction


QĐND – Sunday, October 18, 2009, 20:41 (GMT+7)

Vietnam has been acknowledged internationally for its extraordinary efforts to reduce poverty over the past years. However, there remain challenges ahead and a greater effort should be made to ensure the success of the national poverty reduction programme.


The government has approved the national programme on poverty reduction which aims to lower the rate of poor households from 18.6 percent in 2006 to 10-11 percent in 2010 (or 2 percent annually on average). This goal seems to be within reach as the rate fell to around 13 percent at the end of last year. However, there is growing concern about the negative effects of a rapid increase in the consumer price index (CPI) and the global economic recession on people’s incomes and social welfare. These effects have not yet been calculated in the government’s official statistics on poverty.


Ngo Truong Thi, deputy head of the Social Protection Department under the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), says the national poverty reduction programme has been drawn up to benefit the most vulnerable groups in society. To make it effective, it is necessary to identify their needs, and the poor themselves have to actively participate in the programme.


Though the government has pooled many resources and issued incentive policies for the poor, the results of the programme varied between regions, especially in the most disadvantaged areas where the poverty reduction rate was the lowest.  


To formulate appropriate policies, policymakers must make fact-finding trips to poor districts because the needs differ widely between them. A typical example is Tram Tau district in the northern mountainous province of Yen Bai where more than 90 percent of its forest land has not been exploited. The district also faces harsh weather, especially during the winter. Therefore, mechanisms for poverty reduction in Tram Tau are different from those for other areas.


Trinh Quang Trinh, director of the Department of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs of Lao Cai province – another locality in the northern mountainous region – says the provincial administration has set a target of reducing the poverty rate by 2.5-3 percent a year. But a powerful storm swept across the province in August 2008, causing huge damage, and it consequently raised the poverty rate, notably by 1.2 percent in Bac Ha and Sa Pa districts.


Like Tram Tau, other poor districts in the central and Central Highland regions face many storms and floods every year which severely damage local infrastructure such as roads, schools and medical stations. As a result, large numbers of people who have just escaped poverty, relapse into poverty again.


Although Vietnam has been acknowledged by the international community for its poverty reduction efforts, there remain difficulties and challenges lying ahead.


Dang Kim Trung, deputy director of the Labour and Science Institute, says the national programme has so far focused on the figures rather than the quality.


“The programme should meet its set criteria of improving the quality of life for poor people and providing them with basic services such as health care, education and vocational training,” says Mr Trung.


Meanwhile, Mr Thi from MoLISA says the next phase of the programme will focus on the quality of poverty reduction. “We continue to give instructions to agencies and localities to ensure the programme will meet its criteria in terms of both quantity and quality,” says Mr Thi.


The lack of information is another factor reducing the efficiency of the programme.


“We have not paid particular attention to disseminating policies on poverty reduction to beneficiaries, so intensive communication campaigns will be launched in the near future,” says the MoLISA official. “We want to share experiences with the media and non-governmental organisations to make communications more effective.”
Source: VOV


Source: QDND Bookmark & Share