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74 scientific researches win 12th Eureka Award

In Uncategorized on January 8, 2011 at 4:07 am

Some 74 scientific projects were awarded in the 12th Eureka Award for student’s scientific research at HCMC Youth Cultural House on January 4.

Winners of the 12th Eureka Award present at the awarding ceremony at HCMC Youth Cultural House on Jan.4 (Photo: Minh Tu)

The HCMC Communist Youth League and Vietnam National University – Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM), organized the annual Eureka event. This year 500 projects from students across 31 universities and colleges applied for the Eureka Award, the highest number of applicants in the history of the award since 1999.


The organizers announced one special prize, six first prizes, 9 second prizes, 10 third prizes and 37 consolation prizes. In addition, the organizers also gave nine first prize and two consolation prizes to some graduates that had excel in their field.


Many of them are highly regarded in the field of science. The VND10 million special prizes were given to Le Khac Anh Ky, who is from the Poly-technique University. His project ‘The synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of a Metal Organic Framework: MOF-5’ was published in the international scientific magazine ‘Applied Catalysis A’.  The article was first published on April 28 2010, and is available online since May 5, 2010. Students that won the first prize received VND5 million each.


Mrs. Than Thi Thu, a member of the Standing Committee, said at the event; “We are so proud of the youth’s achievement in science and the city leaders have created favorable working conditions, for young scientists to carry out their research.”


The Eureka Award projects were introduced in the library at 1 Pham Ngoc Thach Street, District 1 and the library is open from Tuesday to Friday each week. Those who are interested in the projects, may access the website at www.lendang.com.vn. and for further information the section is named under ‘Eureka’.

Source: SGGP

First center to promote scientific cooperation established

In Uncategorized on August 2, 2010 at 11:18 am

The National University of Ho Chi Minh City has established the John Von Neumann Excellence Center (JVN), the first of its kind in Vietnam, to serve educational cooperation between master and doctoral science programs in both study and research.

JVN aims to promote all scientific activities and cooperation amongst three main fields including systematic science, knowledge and information between the University of Science HCMC and famous institutes and universities worldwide. In addition, the center hopes to attract overseas Vietnamese scientists to devote their contributions to the country’s growth.

The first remarkable cooperation will pair the Paris Institute of Technology with the University of Science HCMC, in a joint program on trainings on IT & Communications. The participants will study academic programs in English for two years. Admission to the program will be limited to 40 trainees.  Upon graduation, they will earn degrees: one issued by University of Science HCMC and another issued by Paris Institute of Technology.

Moreover, the Center has a Master program of Quantitative Finance Calculation, which undertakes research projects on acquiring funding from investors and banks to develop human resources.

Professor Dr. Duong Nguyen Vu, former Senior Scientific Advisor of the Experimental Center of European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation, has been appointed as Director of the JVN Institute of Vietnam National University.

Source: SGGP

Scientific research investment is essential

In Uncategorized on July 6, 2010 at 4:17 pm




Scientific research investment is essential


QĐND – Tuesday, July 06, 2010, 20:46 (GMT+7)

The objective of the strategy to develop the agricultural mechanical engineering sector to 2010 with a vision for 2020 is to meet about 45-50 percent of the domestic demand for agricultural machinery. So far this objective has not been realized yet. Promoting business cooperation and investment in technology is considered to be a solution to vitalize the Vietnamese agricultural mechanical engineering sector.


 


Heavy dependence on imports


An agriculture-based country, Vietnam has a high demand for mechanical products. Every year, Vietnam manufactures about 550,000 agricultural machinery items, which include mostly diesel engines, power generators and combine harvesters.


About 1,300 companies are operational throughout the country, specializing in manufacturing/trading in tractors and many other kinds of agricultural machinery and equipment. In addition to those, there are 1,218 facilities specializing in repairing and maintaining machinery and equipment.


However, Doan Xuan Hoa, the deputy director of the Department of Processing and Trade of Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Products and Salt Production of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, said, “The domestic demand for agricultural machinery and equipment, especially tractors, plough machines and combine harvesters, is very high. Meanwhile the volume of machinery manufactured domestically is insufficient to meet the actual demand.”


Presently, most types of agricultural machinery that are being used in Vietnam are products of China or other countries. Statistics show that Chinese products accounts for about 60 percent of all agricultural machinery and equipment items being used in Vietnam, Vietnamese-manufactured products account for about 30 percent, and the remaining were used products imported from foreign countries such as Japan and the Republic of Korea.


Mr. Hoa said that most types of machinery manufactured in Vietnam still show many shortcomings compared with imported products, for example low capacity, outdated technology and expensive prices.


The Government has released Resolution 497, under which farmers are offered an interest subsidy for the loans they borrow to buy agricultural machinery and equipment. However, domestically manufactured agricultural machinery and equipment do not meet the actual demand in terms of both quality and quantity. Therefore the situation cannot improve yet.


 


Businesses are unwilling to invest


Despite the high demand for agricultural machinery, domestic companies seem to be unwilling to invest in this market. While the State is encouraging investment in the manufacture of some types of agricultural machinery such as high-capacity diesel engines, tractors and machine tools, no domestic company is willing to invest.


Mr. Hoa said, “The manufacture of agricultural machinery requires big investments but does not bring in a high profit as manufacturing other types of mechanical products. This is the reason why domestic companies are unwilling to invest in manufacturing agricultural machinery. ” It takes much time to manufacture a complete farming tool as well as to recover the amount of money that is invested in manufacturing. Moreover, cultivation areas in Vietnam are scattered but not concentrated, and this is another reason making domestic companies unwilling to invest in manufacturing agricultural machinery”.


 


What solution?


For all the above problems, it is not easy to vitalize the domestic agricultural mechanical engineering sector. Nguyen Van Thu, the president of the Vietnam Association of Mechanical Engineering, said, “Appropriate policies must be put in place to encourage investment in the manufacture of agricultural machinery.”


Most importantly, in his opinion, it is necessary to build the linkage between domestic mechanical companies. It will be impossible for a single domestic company to withstand fierce competition with Chinese products.


It will be a good solution for domestic mechanical companies to cooperate with each other so that each of them can specialize in manufacturing some components of agricultural machinery. It is very costly as well as time and manpower-consuming to manufacture a complete agricultural machinery item.


Cooperation helps reduce the manufacture cost and shorten the time needed to manufacture as well as to recover the amount of invested capital. Thanks to cooperation, domestic mechanical companies can become more competitive.


In the long term, to prevent the domestic agricultural machinery market from being swamped with imported products, it is necessary to build and tighten the linkage between scientists and manufacturers in order to improve the quality of products and reduce the manufacture cost, thus enhancing the competitiveness of domestic mechanical manufacturers.


The State has put in place policies that offer preferences to those who do scientific research catering to agriculture but reality shows that every year not more than 10 percent of the research results have been applied in production. So the problem is how to reduce the manufacture cost so that manufacturers can make a profit. “The most important and long-term solution is investing in scientific research,” Mr. Hoa asserted.


Source: VEN/VietnamNet


 


Source: QDND

VIFOTEC award presented to scientific innovators

In Uncategorized on April 15, 2010 at 5:17 pm




VIFOTEC award presented to scientific innovators


QĐND – Thursday, April 15, 2010, 21:6 (GMT+7)

The Vietnam Fund for Scientific and Technological Creations (VIFOTEC) award was presented to 39 winners of the 2009 competition for technical creativity in Hanoi on April 15.


The winners were announced by the Vietnam Union of Scientific and Technological Associations (VUSTA). They were selected from 105 entries in six categories – information technology and telecommunications, mechanics and automation, materials technology, environmental protection technology, energy saving technology, and applied biology.


Of the award winners, four won first prize, 10 second prize, 12 third prize, and 13 consolation prize. A female scientist was singled out by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) for her innovation in water drainage and environmental protection.


Since the first VIFOTEC competition in 1995, nearly 2,000 scientists have been awarded.


Source: VOV


Source: QDND

Weak scientific research generates marginal income

In Social life on October 26, 2009 at 4:04 pm




Weak scientific research generates marginal income


QĐND – Monday, October 26, 2009, 20:44 (GMT+7)

The income universities receive from scientific research and technology deals account for only 3.92 percent of the total financial resources of universities.


Associate Professor Dr Ta Duc Thinh from the Ministry of Education and Training’s Science and Technology Department observed that the ratio of income from scientific research and technology transfers with the total investment in scientific research between 2006-2008 was 1,784,386 million dong/1,200,485 million dong.  


Polytechnical universities (Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Hanoi University of Technology, Civil Engineering University, Hanoi and Dalat Industry University) led in earning money from technology transfers with a ratio of 77.28 percent. Economics universities (Trade University, University of Foreign Trade) had the lowest ratios, even with large budgets for scientific research. Scientific research income came primarily from international cooperation instead. 


The low efficiency of scientific research has been attributed to the “weak force” of leading scientists, inadequate facilities and impractical research projects. 


Questions have been raised about how universities can increase income from scientific research. 


Dr. Dao Van Dong from the Hanoi University of Transportation, explained that universities face great obstacles in obtaining financial support. Projects often cannot meet production utilization requirements and therefore, Dong stated, it is necessary to provide good scientific ideas and skilled researchers. 


Dr Ha Thanh Toan, Deputy President of Can Tho University, revealed that, in the context of present economic difficulties, the university had to mobilize financial support from various sources, including cooperation with businesses and international groups. 


Toan claimed that universities always choose reasonable scientific research projects that are useful for local utilization.


Source: VietNamNet/NLD


 


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