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Vietnam plans to put end to TB within 20 years

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 9:29 am




Vietnam plans to put end to TB within 20 years


QĐND – Friday, December 10, 2010, 20:52 (GMT+7)

Vietnam plans to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2030, according to the National Tuberculosis Prevention (NTP) Programme.


The programme on Dec. 9 revealed its strategy for the next five years to reduce the prevalence of TB by half of the estimated incidence in 2000. It also aims to keep the multi-drug resistance (MDR) rate steady between now and 2015.


“TB epidemiology in Vietnam is still higher than the previous estimation of health experts. Thus, a significant number of TB cases remain undiagnosed or unreported and will continuously be sources of transmission,” said NTP Director Dinh Ngoc Sy.


According to statistics from the Ministry of Health, Vietnam still ranks 12th among 22 TB high burden countries and ranks 14th among 27 countries with a high burden of MDR-TB. The NTP estimated that Vietnam has about 200,000 TB cases of all forms, of which nearly 100,000 are new cases.


The number of TB cases detected and treated consistently remains under 60 percent of new cases annually. MDR-TB is about 20 percent of previously treated TB patients.


Vietnam will have to mobilise about 250 million USD of the total budget of 340 million USD from local and international donors to implement the National Tuberculosis Prevention Programme (NTP) in the next five years, Sy said.


“The State funding for the tuberculosis prevention programme only meets about 30 percent of the budget requirement,” he said.


The NTP said TB prevention activities have faced many challenges due to inadequate budget, lack of human resources, legal shortcomings, a weak health system and the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.


The programme has set targets for the 2011-15 period that ensure access to and provision of equitable, high-quality and basic directly observed treatment (DOT) services at all levels of the healthcare system; address TB/HIV, MDR-TB and TB control in prisons; integrate NTP into the health system; and mobilise the involvement of all economic sectors in the NTP fight.


WHO estimates there are about 2 million new TB cases worldwide, 93 percent of which are in Vietnam , the Philippines , Cambodia and China . In fact, 260,000 people die from TB each year in the Western Pacific region.


Source: VNA


Source: QDND

Experts warn of 10mln TB deaths in next five years

In Uncategorized on October 14, 2010 at 2:27 pm

AFP – A mother and her son wait for anti-tuberculosis pills at a clinic on October 13, 2010 in Alexandra township

JOHANNESBURG (AFP) – Ten million people will die of tuberculosis in the next five years if global funding to fight the disease is not increased, the Stop TB Partnership warned.


The Partnership, a coalition of governments, non-profits, companies and international organisations, said 47 billion dollars (34 billion euros) are needed to save five million lives between now and 2015, including two million women and children.


“We need a plan to stop these completely unnecessary deaths,” said Rifat Atun, chair of the Partnership’s coordinating board, at the launch of the coalition’s 2011-2015 “Global Plan to Stop TB”.


“If we are able to carry out this plan, we will treat 32 million people and save five million lives,” Atun said.


Each year, nine million people contract TB, which hits hardest in the developing world. Most cases occur in Asia (55 percent) and Africa (30 percent), with India and China alone accounting for 35 percent of all cases, the Partnership said.


Close to two million people die of the contagious lung infection each year — most from treatable cases, it said.


“Tuberculosis is an ancient disease. It should have been eliminated by today,” said Mario Raviglione, director of the World Health Organisation’s Stop TB department.


“The pandemic is slowly declining, but far too slowly.”


The Partnership called for renewed efforts to help the most vulnerable patients — the more than one million HIV positive people who contract TB each year and the 400,000 to 500,000 people who develop multi-drug resistant TB.


Half a million HIV positive people die from TB each year, a quarter of all AIDS deaths, said Paul de Lay, deputy executive director of UNAids.


“There is a terrible link between HIV and TB,” he said.


The coalition said 10 billion dollars are needed to fund research to develop a vaccine, new medications and faster and more effective testing. It said its goal by 2015 is to have three new drug regimens and four vaccines in Phase III clinical trials, the final step before drugs go to market.


It said funding to fight the disease has lagged in the past five years, adding that it needs to make up a funding shortfall of nine billion dollars from the last five-year cycle amid limited private-sector interest in the disease.


“Pharmaceutical companies don’t invest enough in TB because it’s not a profitable market,” said Christian Lienhardt, senior research advisor for the Partnership.


“It’s a poor people’s disease, so TB medication will never be a blockbuster.”


The Partnership said affected countries would not be able to fully fund the fight against TB, and called on international donors in high-income countries to kick in 2.8 billion dollars a year over the next five years to make up the funding gap.


Tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection that spreads by air. An infected person can spread the disease to about 15 other people per year.

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Source: SGGP

Vietnam strongly supports Global Partnership’s TB fight

In Uncategorized on May 5, 2010 at 4:39 pm




Vietnam strongly supports Global Partnership’s TB fight


QĐND – Wednesday, May 05, 2010, 21:32 (GMT+7)

The Vietnamese Government will continue to strongly support anti-tuberculosis activities undertaken in Vietnam by the Global Stop Tuberculosis Partnership, a Government leader affirmed.


The Global Stop Tuberculosis Partnership’s Coordinating Board convened its 18th meeting in Hanoi on May 4, drawing the attendance of its Chair Prof. Rifat Atun, Vietnamese Health Minister Nguyen Quoc Trieu, a broad spectrum of representatives of local and international organisations concerned.


Addressing the event, Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Thien Nhan also called on the Global Stop Tuberculosis Partnership and the international community to provide more support for the fight against TB in Vietnam , which, as according to the World Health Organisation, ranks 12th among 20 countries heavily burdened by TB in the world.


He hailed the inception of the Global Stop Tuberculosis Partnership and its enthusiastic activities as meeting an urgent need of preventing the dangerous disease, helping the people enjoy a fairness in gaining access to healthcare services, and promoting the share of trans-national responsibilities in controlling the disease worldwide.


Nhan highlighted that the anti-TB activities the Global Stop Tuberculosis Partnership have deployed are highly oriented to the community, regardless of social status and eco-political mechanisms of the participants, in the fight.


These activities have created a driving force to promote the adoption of new initiatives, mechanisms and technologies to combat TB, and also spurred sustainable socio-economic development to achieve millennium development goals.


About 150,000 new TB cases are detected annually in Vietnam . Of the figure, 12,000 cases are found to have infected with both TB and HIV virus and nearly 70 percent are tested positive for AFB, mainly in females and in southern provinces.


An epidemiological study showed that the TB prevalence in Vietnam continues to rise, especially among the youngsters, partly due to inadequate monitoring work.


Besides, the increasing number of multi-drug resistant TB imposes a great challenge to the country’s fight against tuberculosis.


Source: Vietnam+


Source: QDND

Australian scientists in TB drug breakthrough

In Uncategorized on March 24, 2010 at 3:45 pm

A Tuberculosis patient Sushma Bhat is pictured at a hospital in Ahmedabad. AFP file

SYDNEY (AFP) – Australian scientists said Wednesday they had discovered a drug which could cure tuberculosis at its non-infectious stage and could be the first major breakthrough on the disease in 50 years.


Bacteriologist Nick West said researchers at Sydney’s Centenary Institute had developed a drug which could essentially combat the disease before it takes hold, potentially saving millions of lives around the world.


“We have investigated a protein that is essential for TB to survive and we have had some success in developing a drug that will inhibit this protein,” said West.


“Our goal over the coming months is to find out the full extent of this drug’s potential.”


West said it would be the first time in history that dormant or asymptomatic, non-infectious TB would be able to be treated, potentially stemming a deadly tide of infection which claimed two million lives every year.


“Unfortunately, the antibiotics we use to fight TB aren’t effective against latent TB and can only be used when the disease becomes active,” he explained.


“This is a major problem as one out of 10 people who have latent TB will develop the active disease, becoming sick and contagious.”


“If we can figure out a way to treat TB when it’s in a latent stage, then we could save millions of lives throughout the world,” West added.


If successful the drug would be the the first new treatment for TB since 1962, according to the institute which is affiliated with the University of Sydney.


One third of the world’s population, or two billion people, are estimated to be infected with TB, with the disease growing fastest in South East Asia.


Lethal multidrug-resistant strains of the disease were becoming a serious threat to global health, infecting almost half a million people in 2008, of whom one-third died, the World Health Organisation warned last week.


Almost half the drug resistant cases were estimated to have occurred in India and China, the WHO said, with an extensively drug-resistant form, found in 58 countries, “virtually untreatable”.

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