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Posts Tagged ‘treat’

Opening class to treat online game addiction

In Uncategorized on November 7, 2010 at 1:52 pm

Bun oc, Hanoi’s tasty winter (and summer) treat

In Uncategorized on October 13, 2010 at 3:56 am




Bun oc, Hanoi’s tasty winter (and summer) treat


QĐND – Sunday, September 26, 2010, 21:0 (GMT+7)

The humble snail has pride of place in Vietnamese cuisine, especially in Hanoi. A kind of snail living in ponds and lakes that grows to the size of a golf ball is used to make a uniquely delicious dish called bun oc (snail noodle soup).


Hanoians usually eat bun oc for breakfast or lunch, particularly in winter. When it gets cold, it is hard to imagine anything more delightful than slurping down a bowl of steaming hot and spicy soup with the chewy but tasty snail in it.


Bun oc is mostly loved for its broth, a blend of sweet, sour, and spicy flavors. Thach Lam, a famous writer, once wrote in his book, Hanoi 36 Old Quarters: “Sour and hot snail broth … makes one shed tears more earnestly than does love.”


The best snails for this dish are oc buou and oc nhoi, two large, rather rounded snails with streaks of color.


After boiling the mollusks, the cook pulls the meat out of the shell and fries it with onions, fish sauce, and MSG.


The broth is made from the water used to boil the snail and cooked with tomatoes to make it sour and pig bones to make it sweet. Tofu, vinegar, cooking oil, pepper, salt, sugar, and dried chili are then added to the consommé.


The snails are placed in a bowl of rice vermicelli and the broth is poured over them.


Bun oc is accompanied by a variety of fresh vegetables and herbs like lettuce, coriander, perilla, knotweed, and basil.


It is said in Hanoi that women frequent bun oc stalls more than men. It could be because the dish is not fatty and can be eaten as a snack between meals.


For Hanoians, the dish is the most sought-after food during the Tet (Lunar New Year) holidays when they are usually glutted with meat.


While a bowl of hot snail noodle soup is perfect for winter, bun oc nguoi (nguoi means cold) is the dish of choice in summer. When customers order for cold bun oc, the vendor will give them a plate of rice vermicelli, a bowl of boiled snails, and a small bowl of dipping sauce.


The snails are served with vermicelli dipped in the dipping sauce which is a mixture of fish sauce, vinegar, ginger, and chili.


Bun oc can be found in small shops along streets and alleys or on a pavement where a vendor has been plying his or her trade for years.


It is not clear why snail noodle soup is much more delicious at street stalls than at home, but street vendors keep their recipes secret.


In Hanoi the most famous streets for bun oc are Mai Hac De, Hoe Nhai, Hang Chieu, and Hang Khoai and the area near West Lake (Ho Tay).


Source: tuoitrenews


Source: QDND

Stem cells used to treat killer skin disease

In Uncategorized on August 12, 2010 at 11:22 am

Research is conducted on stem cells. AFP file

WASHINGTON (AFP) – In two groundbreaking studies, doctors have used stem cells from bone marrow to help heal children with a killer skin disease, and to repair injured lungs.


Researchers led by University of Minnesota doctors John Wagner and Jakub Tolar used bone marrow stem cells to treat children with a rare genetic skin disorder called recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB).


The study was the first to show that bone marrow stem cells can be used to treat diseases affecting the skin and upper gastrointestinal tract, and alter the course of epidermolysis bullosa (EB), which causes skin to blister and scrape off with the slightest rub or bump — and for which there is no cure.


EB can also affect the lining of the mouth and esophagus, as well as the skin, and makes activities that many children take for granted, such as eating, painful.


Seven children were enrolled in the trial which ran from 2007 to 2009. One child died before doctors could transplant healthy bone marrow stem cells, and another died six months after the transplant.


But the remaining five were all better, Tolar told AFP.


“Their skin is better, they are more active, they use fewer bandages, they have donor cells in their skin and we have been able to show that they produce the all-important collagen 7 in their skin,” he said.


Collagen 7, a protein that keeps layers of skin “glued” to each other and to the body, is missing in EB sufferers.


Although the children still have residual wounds on their skin, which means they have not been cured of their chronic illness, Tolar said the treatment had given them a new lease on life.


“They’re eating, moving around, one of them bought a trampoline, they eat chips. These things were unheard of before the transplant,” he said.


Since 2007, Wagner and Tolar have used transplanted bone marrow containing healing stem cells to treat 12 children with the most aggressive forms of epidermolysis bullosa.


All of the children have responded to the therapy, to varying degrees, the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, said.


In a separate study, reported in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) used bone marrow stem cells to treat acute lung injury, one of the most common causes of respiratory failure in hospital intensive care units.


A team led by Michael Matthay and Jae Lee at the Cardiovascular Research Institute of UCSF re-created unhealthy lung conditions in the lab by culturing human alveolar cells and then chemically causing inflammation.


They then added bone marrow stem cells to the mix and observed how things changed.


“What happens in lung injury is that the membrane becomes very porous, fluid comes into the lung and pulmonary edema occurs, which leads to a worse outcome,” Lee told AFP.


“We found that if you add stem cells, there’s a restoration of the permeability, meaning stem cells were protective — they prevented permeability-increase in the epithelium,” he said.


The authors of the UCSF study say the findings are the first to demonstrate how certain marrow bone stem cells restore the border of the lungs. They hope to begin phase II clinical trials to prove the therapy is viable for preventing respiratory failure in critically ill patients.


Both of the studies used adult stem cells, not embryonic stem cells which have stirred controversy among the religious right in the United States and the Vatican.


The Obama administration last year lifted a ban on the use of embryonic stem cells in scientific research that had been imposed by the administration of George W. Bush.


Embryonic stem cell research is controversial because human embryos are destroyed in order to obtain the cells capable of developing into almost every tissue of the body.


But it also holds great promise for treating cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and other diseases and even growing organs and tissues for transplants.

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Source: SGGP

HCMC company can’t treat toxic waste until May

In Uncategorized on March 24, 2010 at 5:35 am

The Ho Chi Minh City Urban Environment Company cannot receive toxic waste from the city for treatment until May at the soonest, company Director Huynh Minh Nhut said March 4.








The HCMC Urban Environment Company (Citenco) said March 4 it will not be able to receive hazardous waste for treatment until May, due to impediments in importing facility equipment

The import of some equipment and technology for the waste treatment plant in Dong Thanh Commune, Hoc Mon District, HCMC, has been held up and thus, the facility will not be completed for several more weeks, he said.


Once operational, the plant is set to have a treatment capacity of 21 tons of toxic waste per day. It was expected to come online late December last year, Mr. Nhut added.


This is the first and the most advanced plant for hazardous waste treatment in the city. It will be able to treat large volumes of waste, especially dangerous garbage that other facilities are unable to handle, he said.


HCMC discharges around 600 tons of toxic waste per day, he said. As the company could not put the plant into operation sooner, several privately owned waste companies have increased their prices for waste treatment from VND2 million per ton up to VND6 million (US$316) per ton.


However, their combined treatment capacity can meet only 5 percent of the city’s total volume of toxic waste, Mr. Nhut said.





Source: SGGP Bookmark & Share