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Posts Tagged ‘treatment’

Over 7,200 public, private hospitals do not have wastewater treatment system

In Uncategorized on December 21, 2010 at 9:36 am

Over 7,200 public and private hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City do not have standard wastewater treatment systems, the Department of Health has reported.

These medical clinics have only rudimentary systems at the best and discharged their wastewater into septic tanks, which are then released into the sewerage system.

The old waste water treatment facilities of the Traumatic Orthopedic Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City. Over 7,200 public and private hospitals do not have wastewater treatment system or the old facilities can’t meet the increase in usage

Approximately 45 central, city and district hospitals and private clinics, have not improved their wastewater treatment systems and the old systems cannot satisfy the increase in usage. The wastewater system is overloaded.

Hospitals said they are short of skill personnel in dealing with the issue, while the relevant agencies have yet to penalize any hospital or clinic that do not meet the requirements of a modern waste treatment system.

However, the city Department of Natural Resources and Environment has fined the Mental Hospital in District 5. The hospital was fined VND6 million and was forced to quickly construct a modern standard wastewater treatment facility.

Hospitals in the city have dumped thousands cubic meters of wastewater into the river environments every day.

Source: SGGP

Around 40 percent of Vietnamese poor not receive any medical treatment

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 10:00 am

Recent scientific researches have pointed out that around 40 percent needy medical patients have not received any treatment due to several reasons, said an official in the health sector at a Vietnam International Health Economics (HEA) Conference.


Patients wait for their turn to pay medical fee at a hospital in Ho Chi Minh City. Around 40 percent of needy medical patietns have not received any treament due to financial reason, said Dr. Ly Ngoc Kinh (Photo: Anh Quan)

According to Ly Ngoc Kinh, former director of the Department of Health Examination and Treatment Management, the main reason is that many face financial difficulties. He said, “Approximately 42 percent of poor people received treatment in district clinics, while only 16.9 percent of wealthy patients did”.

Duong Huy Lieu, HEA’s chairperson, said, “Around 52.5 percent of health-care costs are paid out-of-pocket by households in 2008, while 44 percent of the population in Vietnam have joined up with medical insurance companies.

Mr. Lieu said, “Health insurance only paid 17.6 percent of the medical costs of any patient and that the patients he interviewed, 33 percent said their illness has dramatically reduced their incomes.

Ms. Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong, a World Health Organization expert in Vietnam, said “Out-of-pocket health payments exacerbate poverty and approximately 3.7 percent households fall into poverty, due to medical costs in 2008”.

She also went on to say, “Poverty line families and the old are the most vulnerable with extra medical costs”.

The Vietnam International Health Economics (HEA) Conference, the first of its kind, which was jointly organized by the Vietnam Health Economics Association (VHEA) and the Vietnamese Ministry of Health, was held in Hanoi on December 7-8.

Also, in attendance to this meeting were eminent experts from the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, the United Nations Children’s Fund, WHO and a number of non-governmental organizations.

Source: SGGP

Harmful waste treatment fees flying in HCMC

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 9:49 am

The average cost to treat harmful waste has skyrocketed up to VND40 million (US$2,000) a ton from only VND1.3 million in 2007. With such booming prices, businesses have to draw up contracts with waste treatment companies.

Prices skyrocket

The director of a cooking oil production plant in Tan Binh Industrial Zone (IZ) said that in 2009, his plant signed a waste treatment contract for the price of VND4.5 million a ton, but now it has increase to VND20 million.

The prices of harmful waste treatment skyrocket in HCMC (Photo: SGGP)

Two other companies in Hiep Phuoc IZ and in District 12 have signed contracts to collect and handle harmful waste at VND40 million a ton.

Meanwhile, the director of a drug production plant in District 12 said that waste treatment companies have been very choosey in things they want to recycle and with others, they reject. The ones they reject need to be handled with high temperatures.

Another issue has become known with regard waste treatment. To cope with the surging prices for waste treatment and with the inspection of authorized organizations, several of them have pretended to sign contracts with the waste collection and treatment companies.

It means they pay the companies a certain amount of money, which both sides have agreed on, in order to deal with the environment inspectors. These businesses do not transfer any of the hazardous waste, or possibly only a little for treatment. 

Meeting one twentieth of demand

The harmful waste treatment companies are just able to meet one twentieth of the demand, causing the price to skyrocket, according to Nguyen Trung Viet from the city Department of Natural Resources and Environment.

Statistically, HCMC produce 600 tons of harmful waste a day while the treatment companies just accommodate only 30 tons a day, which leads to them increasing their prices. Additionally, they usually chose the type of waste they are able to cycle, although the number of waste unable to recycle is three times higher.

In 2008, HCMC had 20 harmful waste treatment companies, most of them being private companies with little scope and capacity.

The number has been sharply dropped this year as the environment inspectors have tightened the regulations and have suspended 17 companies for failing to meet environment standards.

Because of the booming number of harmful waste, and the reduction in the number of the treatment companies, the Department of Natural Resources and Environment has called on an enquiry into this issue.

However, no enquiry has been carried out because there is a shortage of land in the city. In the meantime, several treatment companies have reported difficulties about enough land space they need to broaden their bases.

Some years ago, the city government planned to build a complex for treating waste in Cu Chi District. This 100-hectare area site has not yet come to be built, as there is still some paper work to be completed, with regard to clearance problems.

Many treatment companies have left HCMC for neighboring provinces of Binh Phuoc and Binh Duong. They are to build more waste treatment plants there, as the demand is very high.

HCMC management has tried to stabilize prices, but because of the increasing cost of treating harmful waste, it has affected food and product prices in the marketplace. To cope with the issue, the city will soon establish a facility to treat hazardous waste.

According to Bui Cach Tuyen, deputy director of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam has 60 harmful waste treatment companies with only small capacity.

Source: SGGP

Dioxin treatment project targets hot spots

In Uncategorized on December 16, 2010 at 9:27 am

Dioxin treatment project targets hot spots

QĐND – Wednesday, December 15, 2010, 21:6 (GMT+7)

A seminar to start a dioxin treatment project in hot spots across Vietnam took place in Hanoi on December 15.

The seminar was jointly held by the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment, the Global Environmental Fund and the United Nations Development Programme.

The five-year project, starting from 2010, will deal with and minimise the devastating consequences of the chemicals at and around Da Nang , Bien Hoa (Dong Nai) and Phu Cat (Binh Dinh) airports.

According to statistics released by the Office of the national steering committee for overcoming the consequences of chemicals used by the US during the Vietnam war (called the Office of National Steering Committee 33), from 1961 to 1971 the US military dropped nearly 80 million litres of herbicides on southern Vietnam, of which the majority of the chemicals sprayed were Agent Orange that contained dioxin.

The dioxin levels in the sprayed areas have reduced remarkably, however, the airports where the chemicals were stored are still hot spots.

At the seminar, the participants discussed dioxin treatment plans in the hot spots and the possibility of other sponsors becoming involved in the project.

They spent a lot of time identifying the scale and level of contamination in the three targeted areas, discussing new technologies to treat the areas as well as environmental and human issues during the project.

Richard J. Cooke, an international advisor from the Office of National Steering Committee 33, pointed out that the project needs to place more importance to the technological and environmental requirements of both Vietnam and the rest of the world.

Priority should be given to technologies that can directly be implemented in Vietnam through trade clauses and those with suitable prices for both experiment and application, he said.

The project needs close cooperation and coordination between the Office of National Steering Committee No. 33 and relevant ministries and agencies, especially the Ministry of National Defence, he added.

The project’s steering committee should pay attention to the necessary financial resources to prevent the pollution in the south-western area of Bien Hoa airport and pollution treatment in Phu Cat airport, the expert said.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Additional 14 water treatment plants to be built in Mekong Delta region

In Uncategorized on November 14, 2010 at 2:29 pm

Medical workers raise quality of treatment, healthcare through movements: Health Minister

In Uncategorized on October 14, 2010 at 2:51 pm

Health Minister Nguyen Quoc Trieu said medical workers have raised quality of treatment and healthcare through joining actively in movements such as studying and following President Ho Chi Minh’s moral example, good doctors are also nice mothers of patients, doctors and nurses work following Uncle Ho’s teaching.

Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Thien Nhan and Doan Thi Ngoc Tram, mother of Dang Thuy Tram, a North Vietnamese surgeon, who was killed during a battle in northern South Vietnam in 1970

Mr. Trieu said this at an annual meeting to review movements among medical workers held by the Ministry of Health on Sep 28 in Hanoi.

The highlight of these movements is that epidemic prevention is conducted actively and effectively. Dangerous diseases like cholera, plague and malaria are under control.

Thanks to good vaccination campaign, infectious diseases in kids like measles, diphtheria, whooping cough and Japan encephalitis have reduced by over 10 percent compared to before.

In addition, the project to send doctors of the central hospitals to rural infirmaries to transfer high techniques to their countryside counterparts helped to reduce 30 percent of pressures on city hospitals and improve healthcare quality in distant regions.

Mothers and children healthcare has been better, contributing greatly to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Mr. Trieu emphasized the sector will focus on decreasing the rate of patients suffering from diseases and deaths as well as improve gender quality and healthcare system.

Attending the event were Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Thien Nhan and exemplary doctors in the country.

Source: SGGP

Waste treatment fees skyrocket as more companies suspended

In Uncategorized on March 27, 2010 at 2:18 pm

Waste treatment fees skyrocket as more companies suspended

QĐND – Saturday, March 27, 2010, 21:6 (GMT+7)

Numerous waste treatment companies in Ho Chi Minh City have been suspended or had their licenses withdrawn for infringing on environmental regulations, causing a further shortage of treatment plants and thus leading other companies to hike their treatment fees sharply.

The city and other provinces, which are home to many polluting factories, have not invested much in waste treatment systems and are now facing a severe lack of options when it comes to treating waste.

HCMC has over 30,000 enterprises that produce 300 tons of dangerous waste a day, while it has only 20 companies to collect and treat the waste at a capacity of 20-30 tons per day.

Worse yet, Dong Nai, Binh Duong, Long An and Vinh Long provinces have no treatment facilities at all. Therefore, HCMC companies treat factory waste from these localities as well, even though some are not licensed to do so.

The city’s Natural Resource and Environment Department has recently begun suspending several waste transport and treatment businesses that continually violate environmental regulations.

Tan Phuong Dong Environment Treatment, Trade and Service Company, for instance, has just had its license withdrawn and was fined VND25 million for unscrupulously obtaining a waste treatment license from the department and for treating waste from factories in other provinces while it was only licensed to treat HCMC waste.

But the suspensions have led to a more serious shortage of treatment plants and thus other companies, who are still licensed to operate, have taken advantage of the situation to raise treatment fees.

The fees have soared twofold in HCMC and threefold in provinces to VND4-12 million per ton of waste.

Huynh Minh Nhut, director of the HCMC Urban Environment Company, one of the city’s leading waste treatment enterprises, said that since the company has delayed putting its treatment plant into operation until May, treatment fees at other facilities have skyrocketed.

Since many businesses can’t afford the price hike, they have resorted to dumping their waste in open spaces on the city’s outskirts or stashing it in their factories until a convenient time to dispose of it elsewhere.

The Natural Resource and Environment Department recently convened a meeting with local waste treatment companies to ask them to increase their capacities for collecting and treating waste. The meeting also discussed setting a price cap for treatment fees.

Many enterprises opposed the idea, saying that the price hike merely reflects the law of supply and demand.

A representative of Tung Nguyen treatment company said his enterprise can’t expand its current treatment factory in Le Minh Xuan Industrial Park due to the limited space.

He said the company bought 2,000 square meters of land in Binh Chanh District to build a new treatment facility but the district People’s Committee hasn’t allowed  construction to go ahead as it doesn’t fall in line with the district’s urban planning.

Other companies said they too have faced difficulties in finding space to build further treatment plants since local authorities have refused to license construction projects.

Source: SGGP

Source: QDND

South Africa expands AIDS treatment for babies, mothers

In World on December 3, 2009 at 2:34 am

South African President Jacob Zuma on Tuesday unveiled a dramatic expansion in treatment for pregnant women and babies with HIV, sealing a turnaround in the AIDS fight in the world’s worst-affected country.

Zuma said that all babies with HIV will receive treatment at public facilities from next April, while women will receive care earlier in their pregnancies in a bid to prevent transmission to newborns.

He also announced that he was preparing to take a HIV test himself, and urged the public to do the same.

His speech cemented a sharp break with past policies, when the previous government of Thabo Mbeki questioned the link between HIV and AIDS and promoted garlic and beetroot instead of medication.

“This decision will contribute significantly towards the reduction of infant mortality over time,” Zuma said in a nationally televised speech to mark World AIDS Day.

A young boy is pictured at a shelter for HIV-infected mothers and their children in Johannesburg on November 25.

An estimated 5.7 million of South Africa’s 48 million people have HIV, including 280,000 children, according to the UN AIDS agency.

Currently anti-retroviral drugs are provided to babies based on how weak their immune system has become.

People with both HIV and tuberculosis will also qualify for expanded treatment, while Zuma said every health facility in the country would be equipped to provide care, which is currently limited to a few centres with special accreditation.

“What does this all mean? It means that we will be treating significantly larger numbers of HIV positive patients. It means that people will live longer and more fulfilling lives,” Zuma said.

“It does not mean that people should not use condoms consistently and correctly during every sexual encounter,” he added.

Speaking with a candor rarely seen among African leaders, Zuma also said that he would receive an HIV test.

“I am making arrangements for my own test. I have taken HIV tests before, and I know my status. I will do another test soon,” he said. “I urge you to start planning for your own tests.”

The tone marks a dramatic change for Zuma himself, who in 2006 said that he had showered to wash away the risk of AIDS after having sex with an HIV-positive woman. At the time, he was head of the National AIDS Council.

The new drive aims to meet the government’s goal of halving the number of new infections by 2011 while providing treatment to 80 percent of the people who need it.

Health ministry spokesman Fidel Radebe said the government did not yet have an estimate of how many people would benefit from the new measures, or for how much the expanded treatment would cost.

South Africa runs the world’s largest anti-retroviral programme, but under the existing scheme nearly one million people are still believed to need treatment.

The United States announced that it would provide South Africa with an additional 120 million dollars to buy more drugs over the next two years, in response to a request by Zuma.

Under Mbeki and his health minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, South Africa became an international pariah for defying scientific evidence and stalling the roll-out of anti-retroviral drugs.

A recent Harvard study found that 365,000 people died prematurely because of the delay.

Since Zuma took office in May, he has made repeated public statements about the need to fight the disease — in stark contrast to Mbeki’s silence.

The disease has already taken a staggering toll on South Africa.

An estimated 1.5 million children have been orphaned by AIDS. A new study released last month found that by 2015, that number could rise to 5.7 million — or one-third of the nation’s children.

Source: SGGP Bookmark & Share

2 HCMC hospitals get green light for private waste treatment systems

In Uncategorized on November 6, 2009 at 11:18 am

Huong Vuong Hospital has Viet Nhat constructed its wastewater treatment system

The Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee and Department of Natural Resources and Environment have approved requests by Children Hospital I and Hung Vuong Hospital to invite a private investor to build waste-treatment facilities.

Viet Nhat Company will build them at the two hospitals at a total cost of VND20 billion. The facilities will use infrared technology for processing the waste instead of chemicals.

The hospitals will pay the company VND4,000 to treat one cubic meter of wastewater.

Related article:
City’s hospitals to get new effluent treatment systems

Source: SGGP Bookmark & Share

Late treatment caused swine-flu deaths in Vietnam, says official

In Vietnam Health on September 17, 2009 at 1:30 pm

Swine flu deaths have occurred in Vietnam because patients took Tamiflu pills too late, a health official said at a meeting held by the National Steering Board on Flu Prevention in Humans in Hanoi September 16.

Cao Hung Thai of the Ministry of Health’s Treatment Management Department said his and other agencies studied the fatalities and discovered that five out of the six victims also belonged to high-risk groups like people with chronic diseases and malnutrition. 

A teacher at Tran Quoc Tuan Primary School in Tan Binh District instructs students on warding off swine flu and protecting themselves from the disease (Photo: SGGP)

Moreover, they were taken too late to hospital that treatment with Tamiflu failed to be effective, he said.

Deputy Minister of Health Trinh Quan Huan feared that with swine flu becoming widespread, more people would be treated at local hospitals where treatment quality is low, and ordered the Human Flu Treatment Bureau to train workers at these centers in treatment procedures.

He instructed medical facilities to provide Tamiflu pill to people in high-risk groups without waiting for test results, warning it could otherwise be too late. Medical establishments must ensure adequate supply of the drug, he said.

Nguyen Tran Hien, director of the Central Institute of Hygiene Epidemiology, said the fact that 70 per cent of flu cases are testing positive for A/H1N1 flu shows that the virus is spreading among the wider community.

Meanwhile, authorities announced 144 more people tested positive for swine flu September 16, raising the total number in the country to 5,648. During the week 1,104 infections have been reported, an increase of 6.3 per cent compared to the previous week.

But the virus has so far shown no signs of mutating into more lethal forms, Mr. Hien said, though 12 nations have reported around 20 cases in which it has shown resistance to Tamiflu.

Mr. Huan said the peak season for the disease would be end 2009 and early 2010 and called for strengthening outbreak surveillance and providing early treatment to prevent its spread and deaths.

Vietnam has begun an initiative to raise its capacity in coping with A/H1N1 flu, a Red Cross official said in Hanoi September 16.

The “Humanitarian Pandemic Preparedness” (H2P) initiative, designed by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, would last from August 2009 to July 2010, the chairman of the Vietnam Red Cross, Bui Ngoc Tang, said at the closing ceremony of a regional conference flu epidemics.

H2P would focus on health care, food safety, and livelihood at the community level, he added.

The Vietnam Red Cross also called on international and non-governmental organizations and Vietnamese partners to support the project.

H2P, with assistance from the US Agency for International Development, has been implemented in 20 countries threatened by the pandemic.

Also on September 16, the Ministry of Health urged the Ministry of Science and Technology to speed up research into the A/H1N1 vaccine and ordered the National Steering Board on Flu Prevention in Humans to provide enough Tamiflu pills for cities and provinces hardest hit.

Dr. Nguyen Van Chau, director of the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Health, announced September 16 an outbreak of swine flu at Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Primary School in District 12 in which 30 children have been infected.

The district Department of Preventive Health has sprayed disinfectants at the school.

The city recorded September 16 more 36 cases of infection, taking the number of victims so far to 2,383.

Source: SGGP