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Posts Tagged ‘use’

Campaign to cut plastic bags use

In Uncategorized on July 28, 2010 at 7:18 pm

Campaign to cut plastic bags use

QĐND – Wednesday, July 28, 2010, 21:22 (GMT+7)

A programme aiming to reduce the use of plastic bags has been launched by the Hanoi Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

The plan will be deployed widely throughout the capital, which will include all 10 districts, 18 suburban districts and one town.

The programme, Sunday without Plastic Bags, will kick off next August 1 at Ho Tay Waterpark, Hanoi.

Leaders from the State, representatives from enterprises and foreign organisations, volunteers and the public will join in the campaign condoning the use of plastic bags.

Other activities will be organised including a walk around West Lake and a bicycle ride for the environment.

On the occasion, environmentally-friendly bags will be distributed for free at grocery stores, outdoor markets and department stores in the city. People can also receive the utility bags if they exchange their waste paper at the organising board’s outlets.

Students will volunteer to ride bicycles on August 1 during the month of August to announce the merits of protecting the environment, and they will encourage others to join the programme.

The municipal department will also cooperate with the Hanoi Youth Union to launch a movement to collect plastic rubbish that floats in the city’s lakes.

A workshop, Women Working to Protect the Environment will be held in the capital’s 10 inner districts and 18 outer districts. The meeting will aim to raise awareness about protecting environment and limiting the use of plastic bags.

Pham Van Khanh, vice director of the municipal department, estimated that thousands of Hanoians will join the event.

A pilot programme to limit the use of plastic bags had previously been successful at Hapro Mart.

Hanoians hope to protect the environment, develop the city’s green spaces, and beautify the capital before its 1,000th anniversary in October, he said.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Central hospitals ordered to use electronic prescription

In Uncategorized on July 15, 2010 at 1:08 pm

Doctors should use IT in writing prescription to reduce unecessary medications and cut down on administrative problems

The Ministry of Health has ordered hospitals in the country to increase the use of advanced technology in the issuing of prescription mediations, with the aim of increasing IT usage at the 36 central hospitals by year’s end.

The order was issued after a recent survey conducted by the Administration of Treatment Agency (ADA), part of the ministry, which found that the application of IT has helped reduce unnecessary prescriptions, as well as cut down on administrative problems for hospital staffs and patients.

According to the survey, of 21 central hospitals, 20 have electric prescription protocols; 16 infirmaries have used computer software to manage the issuing of medication to outpatients.

During a recent inspection of prescription procedures at six Hanoi medical clinics, the ADA uncovered several violations including missing patient addresses and no dosage information.

Source: SGGP

Bio-fuel use on the rise in country

In Uncategorized on July 6, 2010 at 12:12 pm

Bio-fuels are gaining increased government attention, driven by factors such as oil price hikes, the need for increased energy security and growing concerns over greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels. Conditions are favorable for bio-fuel because Vietnam, like every other countries in the world, must increase spending on renewable energy resources.

Scientists conducting research on clean energy at Poly-Technique University in Ho Chi Minh City (Photo: SGGP)

Bio-fuel is an excellent fuel – it burns cleaner than petroleum-based fuels, reduces underground water pollution and its resources are renewable. Eventually, bio-fuels may replace gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. 

Considering these issues, developed and developing countries alike, are formulating mandatory policies to blend ethanol with renewable bio-diesel.

Moreover, nations have increased the use of bio-ethanol to replace fossil fuel in order to fulfill their agreement to the Kyoto Protocol, the major initiative of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels.

Moreover, utilizing bio-diesel will help to develop agriculture, improving the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and landless rural households within agriculturally-oriented Vietnam.

Furthermore, Asia is critically dependent on energy imports and it has been predicted that Vietnam in particular will lack sufficient energy resources by 2012 and will be forced to export even more energy. Therefore, the Vietnamese government encourages the utilization of clean and renewable energies.

Currently, Vietnam produces around 50 million liters of bio-ethanol, an alcohol-based fuel made from fermented plant sugars and starches.  There is enough available sugar/honey for Vietnam to more than double its bio-ethanol production.

If the bio-fuel program is conducted well through 2020, Vietnam stands to turnover US$1.9 billion from providing materials to manufacturers of bio-ethanol.

PetroVietnam plans to build three tapioca-based ethanol plants in the northern province of Phu Tho, the central province of Quang Ngai and the southern province of Binh Phuoc, with each plant possessing a 100,000 cubic meter capacity.

Source: SGGP

Mekong moves against use of cholera-tainted river water

In Uncategorized on June 22, 2010 at 8:35 am

The cholera-causing bacterium has contaminated Mekong Delta rivers, medical workers say, prompting local authorities to move against the use of river water for household activities, which is common in delta provinces.

Although the virulent vibrio cholera virus is usually found in mollusks living in brackish water, the bacterium has also been found living in fresh river water in the Mekong Delta province of Ben Tre, where over 30,000 households still use unclean water from rivers for cooking and washing.

Residents in the Mekong Delta have the habit of using river water for cooking and washing (Photo: SGGP)

Experts have warned that the outbreak could become pandemic in Ben Tre.

Ben Tre provincial authorities have reported scattered occurrences of cholera in Mo Cay Nam, Mo Cay Bac, Thanh Phu, Chau Thanh and Giong Trom districts recently.

Local medical clinics have sent sanitization teams to affected areas to disinfect homes and workplaces and to distribute chloramines that can clean tainted water of the bacterium.

The Ben Tre Province People’s Committee has ordered all ice manufacturers in the districts of Mo Cay Bac, Mo Cay Nam and Giong Trom to halt operations for ten days.

Ice makers are known for freezing unclean river water for sale. The order would be extended to the whole province if the outbreak of the disease is not curbed, local officials said.

Medical workers have cautioned that a vast outbreak of cholera could plague the Mekong delta if residents don’t stop cooking and washing with tainted water.

Recent outbreaks stand as a stern warning.

The Mekong provinces of Ben Tre, Tien Giang, An Giang and City Can Tho have reported over 50 people infected with cholera and over 500 persons suffering from acute diarrhea.

After a three month hiatus, medical workers in An Giang province confirmed four cholera cases in the city of Long Xuyen and the neighboring district of Cho Moi. An Giang has had a total of 18 cholera cases since the beginning of 2010, but local experts have yet to track the cause of the infections.

Source: SGGP

FAO helps to train southern farmers to use GAP

In Uncategorized on June 18, 2010 at 8:30 am

FAO helps to train southern farmers to use GAP

QĐND – Wednesday, June 16, 2010, 20:58 (GMT+7)

The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has decided to fund a training programme for southern farmers on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) using Good Agricultural Practices (GAP).

The Director of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)’s Southern Plant Protection Centre, Ho Van Chien, said that under the 84,000 USD project, the FAO’s specialists will run two courses for 70 farmers from the central province of Ninh Thuan and the southernmost province of Ca Mau who will teach other farmers the skills they have learnt at a later date.

The first course will begin later this month and the second is scheduled to start in November this year.

During the three-month course, the trainers will learn about IPM, which was first introduced in the country almost 15 years ago, for other crops as well as rice. They will be equipped with knowledge of the Vietnam and ASEAN’s Good Agricultural Practices and the Global Partnership for Good Agricultural Practices.

They will also learn about the consequences of climate change on plants and intensive farming techniques to build up sustainable methods of cultivation.-Enditem

Source: VNA

Source: QDND

Expo focuses on efficient energy use

In Uncategorized on May 27, 2010 at 5:16 pm

Vietnam committed to sustainable use of Mekong River resources

In Uncategorized on April 5, 2010 at 3:43 pm

Vietnam committed to sustainable use of Mekong River resources

QĐND – Monday, April 05, 2010, 21:50 (GMT+7)

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung has affirmed Vietnam’s strong commitment to working closely with other countries in the MekongRiver Basin to use and protect the river’s resources effectively and sustainably.

Vietnam attaches great importance to cooperation within the MekongRiver basin and take an active, responsible and constructive part in all activities of the Mekong River Commission (MRC), said Mr Dung at a MRC summit in Huahin, Thailand, on April 5. The event was also attended by the Prime Ministers of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia.

Mr Dung acknowledged the 1995 agreement to establish the MRC provided a strategic vision and basic principles for the equitable and proper use of water and other resources in the MekongRiver basin. It also identified the specific areas of cooperation and regulations concerning common development activities in the region.

Over the past 15 years, he said, the agreement has testified to the common trend of cooperation among nations living in the basin and has received positive support from the international community.

The PM said the MekongRiver basin now faces numerous challenges. The rapid and dynamic development of the basin is mounting pressure on natural resources, including water, along with the unforeseeable impact of climate change and environmental pollution.

He welcomed the vision and priority orientations set in the joint statement of the summit, which look to sustainable development in the MekongRiver basin. He stressed the need to better manage water resources and draft scenarios on climate change for the basin to work out a common plan of action for the four countries. He urged them to finalise legal frameworks and provide a specific coordination mechanism for implementing agreements on the use of water and increasing the quality of water while enhancing the commission’s capacity building in terms of staff, organisation and equipment.

He welcomed China’s recent decision to provide hydro-meteorological statistics during the dry season to help regional countries come up with more accurate assessments of water flows in the river. He expressed his hope that China and Myanmar – the two dialogue partners of the MRC – would consider joining the commission to work together with other regional countries to use water in the river in a sustainable and responsible manner for the sake of common prosperity.

Vietnam hopes to continue to receive financial and technical assistance to carry out priority activities set in the joint statement of the summit and the MekongRiver basin development strategy for the 2011-2015 period, said Mr Dung. 

He said the MekongRiver plays an important role in Vietnam’s socio-economic development, as the Mekong River Delta is the country’s largest rice granary and produces other main farm produce and seafood, helping ensure food security for not only Vietnam but also other countries in the region and the world.

He pointed out the fact that Vietnam, especially the Mekong River Delta, has faced a prolonged drought and severe salt intrusion, having a substantial impact on farming and the lives of millions of farmers.

Vietnam will work closely with other countries to realise the vision of the summit and fully implement the MRC agreement to boost cooperation with strategic partners so as to build a river of solidarity, friendship, cooperation, development and integration, he said.

The Prime Ministers of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia all showed their strong commitments to boosting cooperation and sustainable development, effectively using, protecting and managing water and other resources in the MekongRiver basin. They agreed with the Hua Hin statement which looks at the achievements, opportunities and challenges as well as visions of the MRC in expanding cooperation between the commission and its international dialogue partners.

To address urgent challenges in the basin, the four leaders pledged to promote cooperation to minimise human and property losses caused by floods, consider the sustainability of hydro-power development and effectively manage water resources for agricultural development. They said it is necessary to adopt measures against climate change to reduce risks of hunger, poverty and food security imbalance within vulnerable communities, manage the degradation of water quality, preserve rare species of aquatic resources in the basin and minimise the risks in developing waterway transport in the region.

They all expressed their hope that the commission will ratify and implement the basin development strategy based on the proper management of water resources, and intensify efforts to protect residents from the risks of floods, droughts and rising sea levels, including the establishment of forecast and early warning systems in the whole basin.

They proposed that the commission support an international legal framework to encourage trade and waterway transport, study and deal with threats to the livelihood of local residents due to climate change, supervise and employ measures to improve the quality of water in priority areas of the basin, and efficiently use water and other resources, wetlands and forests in the basin in a sustainable manner.
Source: VOV

Source: QDND

Vietnam halts use of diarrhea vaccine Rotarix

In Uncategorized on March 27, 2010 at 9:21 am

The country will temporarily stop administering the diarrhea vaccine Rotarix, made by drug company GlaxoSmithKline, in response to a recent announcement that Rotarix contains a pig virus, said Truong Quoc Cuong, head of the Drug Administration under the Ministry of Health on March 26.

The administration has asked the GSK office in Vietnam to coordinate with importers and distributors to alert all health clinics about the directive and not to order further batches.

GSK Vietnam has also been asked to report to the department on its export and distribution of Rotarix.

The vaccine is given orally to children from six weeks onwards to treat the viral infection rotavirus, which causes diarrhea and vomiting.

Rotarix was approved in Vietnam in 2007 and 155,000 shots have been given since August that year. However, it is not part of the National Vaccination Program.

Source: SGGP

Less than 1% of HCMC businesses use advanced technology, survey says

In Uncategorized on March 24, 2010 at 4:51 am

Most factories in HCMC are using outdated technology and do not do adequate research to improve production efficiency, a recent survey by the city Department of Science and Technology showed.

Less than 1 percent or three businesses of about 500 surveyed at industrial parks and export processing zones were using advanced technology. Nearly half of the surveyed businesses were foreign invested.

Nearly a half of them used only medium-level technologies, while only 4 percent were using new modern equipment.

Eighty percent of the workforce surveyed were not trained to operate modern machinery.

To save costs, most of the businesses surveyed were using cheap imported second-hand machinery and equipment, 80 percent of which was from China.

A worker at Sameco. The company had used research to build a new production line that cuts costs by hundreds of billions of dong. A new survey in HCMC shows that investment in scientific research should be boosted. (Photo: SGGP).

A tenth of the businesses surveyed had bought the second hand machinery after it had depreciated in price by 50 percent.

Only a handful of businesses used equipment that would last 20 years.

Just 25 percent of the surveyed businesses used automated production lines and the rest used semi-automated ones.

The department said that the businesses had not spent enough on research and development. The survey showed the 500 businesses had spent only VND85 billion (US$4.47 million) on research in the last three years. A part of that money had been wasted on poor quality research that could not be applied to the factories’ operations.

A few companies had done some outstanding research, however.

For instance, Nosafood Company was very successful at applying its research on how to produce fermented soy sauce without 3MCPD.

Another example was the production line assembled by the Saigon Mechanical & Casting Joint Stock Co. (Sameco) that helped cut down production cost by hundreds of billions of dong. 

“It is a good outcome due to cooperation between the company and scientists,” said Le Viet, the chairman of Sameco’s management board.

Scientific research needs boost

Dr. Phan Minh Tan, director of the city Department of Science and Technology, said: “Proper investment in scientific research can create huge profits, even 20 times the cost of the research.”

Tan was referring to a State-run program that has been operating to assist businesses in designing, manufacturing and using advanced machines and technologies.

He said very few businesses have taken advantage of the Fund for Scientific and Technological Application, which offers non-mortgage loans to researchers.

So far, only 50 projects have been granted such loans worth more than VND70 billion ($3.68 million), he added.

To improve the situation, Tan said the department would do more to connect and assist scientists and businesses for the purpose of research.

The State should adopt more policies to encourage research and development, and issue specific regulations on intellectual property rights regarding research, he said.

The State should also set up liaison offices to bridge the gap between businesses and scientists, so that companies could apply to the offices to organize research, Tan said.

Source: SGGP Bookmark & Share

New rules on car use for representative offices issued

In policies on March 23, 2010 at 4:19 pm

New rules on car use for representative offices issued

QĐND – Tuesday, March 23, 2010, 20:55 (GMT+7)

Vietnamese ambassadors, charge d’affaires, and heads of missions to international organisations are allowed to use a car valued at less than 65,000 USD for business purposes, according to a new decision by the Prime Minister.

Those who hold the position of consulate general can use a car valued at no more than 60,000 USD.

A representative office of the country abroad can buy up to 10 cars, depending on specific circumstances and the nature of their work. Each office can buy one car valued at less than 45,000 USD, the remainder costing less than 35,000 USD.

With other Vietnamese offices abroad, those with less than four staff can buy a car, while those with more than four staff can buy two.

Cars for ambassadors, charge d’ affaires, and head of missions can be sold after at least five years of use.

Source: VNA

Source: QDND