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Posts Tagged ‘vaccine’

Vietnam should import vaccine against blue ear: officials

In Uncategorized on August 14, 2010 at 11:21 am

At an emergency meeting on August 13, directors of departments of agriculture and rural development in southern provinces proposed to import vaccine to fight against the pandemic in the region as Vietnam has no effective vaccine for the disease in pigs.

Mr. Paht agreed to quickly import Chinese vaccine and then test its effectiveness.

In addition, Deputy Head of the city’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Phuoc Trung said the fight against the epidemic is like fighting against the fire, proposing a suitable compensation for breeders or else breeders would sell diseased pigs at very cheap prices which further spreading of the disease. Farmers are willing to report their ill herds because the government announced to give farmers VND25,000 per kilo of meat lost as compensation.

A pork seller in a market in Dalat City sees no purchase (Photo: SGGP)

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Duc Phat and other officials had pork during break time to encourage residents who feared for the blue ear in pigs in the country to consume safe pork.

Because the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) – also called “Blue Ear” – has heavily hit two highlands provinces of Dak Lak and Lam Dong, residents don’t want to eat pork, the consumption has declined.

The central highlands town of Da Lat has been affected although it is 200 kilometer far from Lam Dong. Pork sellers did nothing but chatting or sleeping because the market was going through a slump. A pork seller, Ms. Nhung, said the sale declined a half in one week.

The situation is the same in the city Nha Trang in the central province of Khanh Hoa. Traders petitioned to stop selling pork in markets, claiming that governments should raise public awareness more as customers turned their back even to safe pork with verifications.

Source: SGGP

Baby dies after getting five-in-one vaccine

In Uncategorized on July 17, 2010 at 4:50 pm

A three-month-old baby died on July 15 after receiving a five-in-one vaccine in the highlands province of Lam Dong.

Doctor Nguyen Huu Phuc, director of the provincial Preventive Medicine Center, called on July 16 for police investigation into the death.

The baby in Tan Lam Commune, Di Linh District was taken to the commune Medical Clinic by her parents on July 15 to be inoculated with the five-in-one vaccine. After the procedure, the parents kept her at the clinic for 30 minutes, as the doctor ordered.

Since she did not display worrisome symptoms, she was released from the clinic.  At home, the baby began having difficulty breathing and became pale. Her parents rushed her to the provincial General Hospital 2 in Bao Loc City, but the infant expired en route.

Immediately following the incident, the provincial Preventive Medicine Center withdrew stock of vaccines and needles from the clinic for further probe.

Source: SGGP

‘Significant advances’ made towards AIDS vaccine

In Uncategorized on July 15, 2010 at 12:57 pm

After decades of trying to develop a vaccine against AIDS, global health authorities are finally beginning to make “significant advances” towards their goal, Anthony Fauci, head of the US institute of infectious diseases, told AFP.

“Up to a few years ago, even though we have been trying for a couple of decades to develop a vaccine, unsuccessfully, we have not even had a small clue that we were going in the right direction,” Fauci told AFP.

But two key events that have taken place in the past few years have changed that and led to “significant advances in the development of a vaccine,” said Fauci, who is head of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID).

Dr. Sanjay Phogat, a scientist at the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative laboratory, looks over test results in New York

The first of those key turning-point events was a clinical trial of an HIV/AIDS vaccine which was conducted last year in Thailand on 16,000 people.

“The results showed a small to modest positive effect on the acquisition of HIV — not good enough to be able to distribute a vaccine but good enough to tell us that it was a conceptual advance that at least makes us feel now that a vaccine is possible,” Fauci said.

Then, last week, scientists at NIAID published a paper in the journal Science about research that had helped them to identify two antibodies in an HIV-positive individual, which, when put together “block 90 percent” of HIV strains, Fauci said.

“What that is telling us is that you can identify the portion of the virus that you would like to use as a vaccine, because we know that when the antibodies bind to that portion, it knock down the virus,” he said.

The next step will be to try to inject that part of the virus into an individual to produce a protective response against HIV infection, said Fauci in an interview with AFP days before the 18th international conference on AIDS, to be held in Vienna, Austria.

The Thai study and the report in Science have left scientists feeling “much more confident that ultimately we will have a vaccine” against HIV/AIDS, although it was still impossible to say exactly when that would be, said Fauci.

An AIDS vaccine was probably several years away, which means that in the meantime, the fight against HIV/AIDS must continue to focus on prevention by using tried and true tactics such as condom distribution, male circumcision, blocking mother-to-baby transmission and offering syringe exchange programs, he said.

Ways have to be found, too, to improve access to these preventive measures, especially in developing countries where only 20 percent of “populations who would benefit” actually have access to them, he added.

Along with improving access to the preventive methods, Fauci urged global health authorities and governments to continue to work to develop other forms of prevention, such as microbicides.

And he recommended “treating as many people as we possibly can because we know that when you treat more people, you lessen the probability that they would infect other people.

“You could almost have what we call treatment as a form of prevention,” until a vaccine is finally developed, said Fauci.

Source: SGGP

City has enough 5-in-1 vaccine for newborn

In Uncategorized on May 30, 2010 at 9:17 am

The Preventive Medicine Center of Ho Chi Minh City is ready for its free vaccination plan against five diseases starting on June 1, deputy director Nguyen Dac Tho said May 29.

A child gets vaccination in Ho Chi Minh City (File photo: K.Kh)

The 5-in-1 vaccine is against Diphtheria; Tetanus; Pertussis (whooping-cough), hepatitis B and haemophilus influenza.

The plan targets babies born on April 1, 2010 and later.

Source: SGGP

Five in one vaccine safe, effective: health expert

In Uncategorized on May 29, 2010 at 9:14 am

Dr. Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong from the Ho Chi Minh City Pasteur Institute said the five in one vaccine which will be free given to babies under one year old in the National Expanded Program on Immunization next June is safe as public concern raised about the new supported by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) Partners Forum.

The new vaccine has a fewer shoots so it will reduce accidents after innoculation

Vietnam has tested reaction after being inoculation of five in one vaccine, valuing it is safe with the low rate of reaction, said Dr. Phuong, adding that the vaccine is manufactured by Berna Biotech Korea Corp and administered in forty nations.

Around 1.5 million dozes of the five in one vaccine against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, hepatitis B and Hib have been imported into Vietnam. The advantage of the new vaccine is that it has a fewer shoots so it will reduce accidents after inoculation.

Moreover, it can prevent bacterial meningitis known as Haemophilus influenzae type b (“Hib” for short) and pneumonia.

Dr. Phuong also advised parents to delay vaccination when babies are suffering fever or chronic diseases as well as keep staying at hospitals for half an hour after inoculation to examine child’s health. A vaccine is capable of causing serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. Kids will have fever, redness or swelling or soreness or tenderness where the shot was given; mothers should breast-feed more than usual or more water and make fever compress to reduce body temperature.

Related article:
Five in one vaccine to be injected free for infants

Source: SGGP

Five in one vaccine to be injected free for infants

In Uncategorized on May 10, 2010 at 8:47 am

Five in one vaccine will be shot for over two month old Vietnam neonates next June

Five in one vaccine will be free given to over two-month old babies under the National Expanded Program on Immunization next June, said a health official.

The five in one vaccine against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, hepatitis B and Hib is supported by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) Partners Forum, according to Dr. Nguyen Tran Hien, director of the Central Institute for Hygiene and Epidemiology.

The five in one vaccine tested by the World Health Organization has not been available in Vietnam before. Babies from two to four month old will receive three shoots.

Medical experts hope the five in one vaccine administered for neonates will reduce accidents after inoculation as it has a fewer shoots.


Source: SGGP

Children to receive five-in-one vaccine in June

In Uncategorized on May 3, 2010 at 8:28 pm

Children to receive five-in-one vaccine in June

QĐND – Monday, May 03, 2010, 20:46 (GMT+7)

All children old enough to be vaccinated will be protected against five diseases (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B and meningitis).

According to Nguyen Tran Hien, the head of the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology (NIHE), this vaccination programme will be funded by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI).

The programme will last for five years, starting from June 2010. In the first two years, the GAVI will grant US$37 million to help Vietnam purchase vaccines, needles and syringes.

Each year, Vietnam has 1.5 million new-born babies, therefore, about 1.5 million children need vaccinating annually.

The “five-in-one” vaccine has not been available in Vietnam before and it is quality tested by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Source: VOV

Source: QDND

Parents express concern, confusion over diarrhea vaccine

In Uncategorized on March 29, 2010 at 5:14 am

Following reports that the diarrhea vaccine Rotarix contains a pig virus called porcine circovirus 1, or PCV1, parents in Vietnam have grown increasingly anxious over whether to inoculate their children against rotavirus.

Some parents in Ho Chi Minh City say they will not allow their children to take the vaccination, administered orally, while some medical clinics have announced they will temporarily stop using it.

Following reports that the diarrhea vaccine Rotarix contains a pig virus called porcine circovirus 1, or PCV1, Vietnamese parents hesitate to take the vaccine for their children ( Photo: SGGP)

At HCMC’s Pasteur Institute, parents sought advice from experts about what to do. Some parents said they will go ahead and inoculate their children with Rotarix, as there has been no official warning issued by the Ministry of Health.

Rotarix is a two-dose vaccine that offers early protection against rotavirus to infants. Produced by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Rotarix is indicated for the active immunization of infants from the age of 6 weeks for prevention of gastro-enteritis due to rotavirus infection.

Some parents, like Mrs. Nguyen Anh Nguyet from District 1 who have already given one dose to their infants, said they would wait for more information before giving the second dose. 

HCMC’s Children Hospital I announced March 25 it would temporarily stop using the anti-diarrhea vaccine although it has not received any official orders to do so. Other countries have ordered doctors to temporarily avoid using Rotarix, said a hospital leader.

The Children Hospital II, which regularly sees over 130 children a day suffering acute diarrhea, has reported a decrease in the number of parents seeking the vaccine for their kids.

Dr. Nguyen Dac Tho, deputy head of the city’s Center of Preventive Health, said his center is waiting for official guidelines from the Ministry of Health and Department of Health. In the meantime, Dr. Tho said physicians should offer detailed consultations to parents about the vaccine and children should not take Rotarix unless urgent.

Meanwhile, Deputy Health Minister Trinh Quan Huan said that immediately after receiving the announcement from GSK and a warning from the US FDA about the vaccine, the Ministry of Health ordered the Drug Administration of Vietnam to report to the ministry before March 26.

Vietnamese children have had access to Rotarix since 2007 and around 155,000 doses have been administered, costing VND700,000 (US$39) each.

The Ministry of Health should quickly issue guidelines, said a manager from the Pasteur Institute, especially since the vaccine is used for infants. Although no ill effects have been reported, the future safety of Rotarix is unknown, the manager added.

Nguyen Thi Tuong Vy, marketing manager for GSK, said the drug company has sent official documentation outlining the vaccine’s safety to the Ministry of Health and relevant agencies. GSK assures that despite containing PCV-1, the vaccine is still safe for consumption.

According to GSK, the pig virus does not multiply in humans and is not known to cause rotavirus-related illness in people. The virus concerned is normally found in pigs and is even found in pork that is sold for consumption. The virus is not known to cause any disease in humans or pigs.

GSK says it is now reviewing how best to replace the cell bank and virus seeds used in making the vaccine, but it will continue Rotarix production using current methods.

Related article:
Vietnam questions GSK about diarrhea vaccine safety

Source: SGGP

Vietnam halts use of diarrhea vaccine Rotarix

In Uncategorized on March 27, 2010 at 9:21 am

The country will temporarily stop administering the diarrhea vaccine Rotarix, made by drug company GlaxoSmithKline, in response to a recent announcement that Rotarix contains a pig virus, said Truong Quoc Cuong, head of the Drug Administration under the Ministry of Health on March 26.

The administration has asked the GSK office in Vietnam to coordinate with importers and distributors to alert all health clinics about the directive and not to order further batches.

GSK Vietnam has also been asked to report to the department on its export and distribution of Rotarix.

The vaccine is given orally to children from six weeks onwards to treat the viral infection rotavirus, which causes diarrhea and vomiting.

Rotarix was approved in Vietnam in 2007 and 155,000 shots have been given since August that year. However, it is not part of the National Vaccination Program.

Source: SGGP

Vietnam questions GSK about diarrhea vaccine safety

In Uncategorized on March 25, 2010 at 9:06 am

Following a warning from the US Food and Drug Administration  that the diarrhea vaccine Rotarix may contain a pig virus, the Drug Administration of Vietnam (DAV) March 24 sent an official query to Rotarix-maker GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Pte. Ltd., Vietnam.

GSK recently announced the discovery of the pig virus, called PCV-1, in the oral Rotarix vaccine used to fight rotavirus in children to DAV

The DAV has now asked GSK to provide documents proving the vaccine’s safety. It has also requested information on how the US FDA and other affected countries are dealing with the problem.

An independent US academic research team first detected DNA from porcine circovirus 1 (PCV-1) in Rotarix, and follow-up tests by GSK and FDA scientists confirmed the team’s findings. 

The tests also showed that viral components had been present since the early stages of the vaccine’s development, including during clinical studies.

PCV-1 does not multiply in humans and is not known to cause rotavirus-related illness in people, GSK said. The US FDA, however, has advised doctors to temporarily avoid using the vaccine.

The DAV has also asked for guidelines from Hanoi’s Department of Preventive Health and Environment, the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, and the National Institute for Control of Vaccine and Biological Products.

Children in Vietnam have had access to the rotavirus vaccine since 2007 and around 155,000 of vaccine doses have been used. Parents must pay for the vaccine, which is not covered under the National Expanded Program on Immunization.

Source: SGGP